23 September 2011
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, left, gives a letter requesting recognition of Palestine as a state to Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon during the 66th session of the General Assembly at United Nations headquarters Friday.
This is IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English.
Palestinians brought their calls for independence to the United Nations this week. Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas spoke to the General Assembly on Friday.
MAHMOUD ABBAS: "I say the time has come for my courageous and proud people, after decades of displacement and colonial occupation and ceaseless suffering, to live like other peoples of the earth, free in a sovereign and independent homeland."
Mr. Abbas asked the United Nations to admit Palestine as a full member based on nineteen sixty-seven borders.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu spoke a short time after the Palestinian leader.
BENJAMIN NETANYAHU: "The truth is that we cannot achieve peace through UN resolutions but only through direct negotiations between the parties. The truth is that so far the Palestinians have refused to negotiate. The truth is that Israel wants peace with a Palestinian state but the Palestinians want a state without peace."
The UN Security Council could take weeks to consider the request for full membership. That would give more time for diplomatic efforts to restart peace talks. The Palestinians could also seek more recognition in the General Assembly as a non-voting observer state.
Another big story this week: top American officials publicly linked Pakistan's main intelligence agency to attacks against American targets. The United States' top military officer accused Pakistan of supporting attacks by the al-Qaida-linked Haqqani network.
Admiral Mike Mullen spoke at a Senate hearing; he retires next week as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He said Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence agency supported the truck bombing by Haqqani operatives on a NATO base on September tenth. He said the ISI also supported an attack on the American Embassy in Kabul two days later.
Defense Secretary Leon Panetta looks as Joint Chiefs Chairman Admiral Mike Mullen, front, speaks Tuesday near Washington.
Admiral Mullen said the Haqqani network has deep ties to the Pakistani government.
MIKE MULLEN: "The Haqqani network, for one, acts as a veritable arm of Pakistan’s internal services intelligence agency."
He says the United States should still try to work with Pakistan. But he warned that the relationship -- and the future of Pakistan -- could be in danger.
MIKE MULLEN: "By exporting violence, they’ve eroded their internal security and their position in the region. They’ve undermined their international credibility and threatened their economic well-being. Only a decision to break with this policy can pave the road to a positive future for Pakistan."
Defense Secretary Leon Panetta also spoke at the Senate hearing.
LEON PANETTA: "We cannot allow terrorists to have safe havens from which they launch attacks and kill our forces. We cannot allow that to happen, and we have to bring pressure on the Pakistanis to do their part to confront that issue."
Relations have worsened since the killing of Osama bin Laden at his home in Pakistan earlier this year.
Michael O’Hanlon is with the Brookings Institution in Washington.
MICHAEL O’HANLON: "I think Pakistan is just going to have to wake up and smell the roses that this is not consistent with an ongoing relationship in which the United States provides three and a half billion dollars a year in aid."
Jeffrey Dressler works for the Institute for the Study of War, another research group. He says Pakistan needs the help of militant groups to limit the possible influence of India in Afghanistan.
JEFFREY DRESSLER: “They know that they would lose in a conventional war with India, and so, rather than trying to compete on that front, which they cannot, they will instead use extremist proxy groups that can sort of wage a guerrilla war.”
On Friday, the White House press secretary said Pakistan must break any links it has with the Haqqani network.
Pakistani officials reject the American accusations. They say Pakistan is cooperating with the United States against militants. Pakistani Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar said the United States risks losing Pakistan as a partner if it continues to make such accusations. She spoke on Pakistan’s Geo TV.
HINA RABBANI KHAR: “You will lose an ally, you cannot afford to alienate Pakistan, you cannot afford to alienate the Pakistani people. If you are choosing to do so, it will be at their own cost.”
And that's IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English. I'm Steve Ember.