BBC news 2011-07-30

BBC News with Iain Purdon

One week after 77 people in Norway were killed in a bomb attack and a mass shooting, the first funerals and memorial services for the victims have taken place. The Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg said it was an attack on the heart of democracy. Police in Oslo have questioned Anders Behring Breivik, the man who's admitted carrying out the attacks, as Jon Brain reports.

Anders Breivik himself has been questioned by detectives today for the first time since the weekend. At a news conference, a lawyer for the police said the self-confessed gunman's demeanour hadn't changed.

"During the interview on Friday and Saturday, he was calm and he was more than willing to explain himself about the things he had done. Considering the circumstances, he's more calm and normal in that situation I would say."

This evening, Breivik is back in solitary confinement. Over the next few days, friends and relatives of his victims are facing the prospect of dozens more funerals.

President Obama has urged Americans to increase pressure on their politicians to resolve the political impasse over the country's budget deficit because he said time was fast running out. Mr Obama warned that the US risked losing its AAA credit rating.

"On Monday night, I asked the American people to make their voice heard in this debate, and the response was overwhelming. So please, to all the American people, keep it up. If you want to see a bipartisan compromise - a bill that can pass both houses of Congress and that I can sign - let your members of Congress know. Make a phone call. Send an email. Tweet. Keep the pressure on Washington, and we can get past this."

The secret testimony of the former US President Richard Nixon to a grand jury investigating the Watergate scandal is to be made public for the first time some 36 years after it was given. A federal judge ordered the transcript to be released after a historian requested access. The judge said the testimony's historical significance far outweighed arguments for continued secrecy. The Watergate scandal surrounded a break-in at Democratic Party headquarters, causing President Nixon to resign.

Tens of thousands of demonstrators filled Tahrir Square in the Egyptian capital Cairo throughout the day in what appears to have been the largest protest since the fall of President Mubarak. Muslim leaders had urged their followers to attend in a show of strength. Jon Leyne was in Tahrir Square.

Once again, huge numbers packed Tahrir Square. But this time, not the young secular liberals who led the revolution against Hosni Mubarak, these were Islamists - some supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood, others who support an even more radical interpretation of Islam, known as Salafists. The noise and the size of the crowd was impressive, but it's still not clear precisely how much support Islamists have in Egypt as a whole.

World News from the BBC

Turkey's military commander has resigned along with the heads of the country's navy, army and air force. The resignations follow reports of growing tension between the secularist military and the Turkish government. Correspondents say friction has been fuelled by an ongoing trial of dozens of senior military officers accused of plotting to overthrow the government.

The United Nations humanitarian agency has warned that the whole of southern Somalia is slipping into famine as the food crisis in the Horn of Africa deepens. The UN has already declared a famine in two areas of southern Somalia, where 30% of children are acutely malnourished. Somalis fleeing to neighbouring Kenya are said to be arriving in increasingly poor condition.

A combined naval force from Honduras and the United States says it's recovered 2.5 tonnes of cocaine from a submarine used by drug traffickers. Warren Bull reports.

A Honduran general, Rene Osorio, said the cocaine was packed into 100 bundles and that there could be another 2.5 tonnes of the drug left on board the submarine. The Honduran authorities say they think the submarine was coming from Colombia. Honduras is on a key route used by South American cartels trafficking illegal drugs to the United States. And Mexican cartels have increasingly transported drug consignments through Central American countries since the Mexican President Felipe Calderon launched a military campaign to defeat them over 4.5 years ago.

Thousands of people have taken to the streets in the rebel-held Libyan city of Benghazi to mourn the death of the rebel military commander General Abdul Fatah Younis. He was killed on Thursday in what are still mysterious circumstances. The head of the rebel leadership council said General Younis was killed by an armed gang after he'd been recalled for questioning about suspicions that his family still had ties with Colonel Gaddafi's government. But the gang's identity and motives have not been disclosed.

BBC News.