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See, Hear and Sing 不寻常的乐器
 
John Botica playing the misnice.

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misnice吹奏克罗埃西亚音乐的男人,1938
 

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Peter Boro 演奏 "Solo on mjersnice [misnice] (风笛bagpipes)" ,5/7/1939

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吹奏乐器 (Wind Instruments)

就像打击乐器及弦乐器一般,大部分的吹奏乐器源自于非常古老的民族乐器。 Misnice是一种由羊皮制成、长的像袋子的乐器 。在欧洲,关于misnice的参考文档最早可回溯至第九世纪。misnice最先出现在北非, 至于出现在东欧(塞尔维亚、匈牙利、乌克兰及其他地方)misnice其外形则与北非的misnice稍有不同。

如图中所示,musician的演奏方式为向其中一根管子吹气的同时,利用手指盖住另一根管子上的洞。聆听这段利用misnice所演奏的音乐录音,它的声音听起来是不是跟现在的苏格兰风笛不一样?


Just like percussion and strings, most wind instruments evolved from much older folk instruments. The misnice is a bagpipe-like instrument made out of the skin of a goat. In Europe, references to the misnice are found as early as the ninth century. The misnice was found in North Africa and in somewhat different forms in Eastern Europe (Serbia, Hungary, Ukraine, and elsewhere).

As you can see from the picture, the musician blows into one pipe while moving his fingers over holes in another pipe. Listen to the recording of the misnice. Does it sound different from the Scottish bagpipes we know today?

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CREDIT: "John Botica playing the misnice, facing front, portrait, photograph." California Gold: Northern California Folk Music from the Thirties, Collected by Sidney Robertson Cowell, Library of Congress.
AUDIO CREDIT: Boro, Peter, performer; Cowell, Sidney Robertson, recorded. "Solo on mjersnice [misnice] (bagpipes)." May 7, 1939. California Gold: Northern California Folk Music from the Thirties, Collected by Sidney Robertson Cowell, Library of Congress.