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Map of the United States of Mexico, 1847.

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瓜达卢佩伊达戈条约 (Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo) 在墨西哥市正式签署:184822 

 「在美利坚合众国与墨西哥共和国之间、他们各自的国家之间,领土之间、城市之间、乡镇之间,以及人民之家应该要有坚定且永远的和平,没有例外的地方或人民。」-- 瓜达卢佩伊达戈条约,1848年。


"There shall be firm and universal peace between the United States of America and the Mexican Republic, and between their respective Countries, territories, cities, towns and people, without exception of places or persons." -- Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, 1848

Did you know that a large portion of the Western United States used to be a part of Mexico? On February 2, 1848, U.S. and Mexican officials met in Mexico City to sign the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The agreement brought an end to the Mexican War after nearly two years and extended the U.S. west to the Pacific Ocean with 525,000 square miles of former Mexican territory. The new American territory included present-day Arizona, California, western Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas and Utah. Along with the 1853 Gadsden Purchase, this treaty completed the expansion of the United States to 48 states. Do you know what events led to the signing of the treaty?

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