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The Central America engulfed in the ocean
中美洲号沉入海底

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经济大恐慌发生了
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一场飓风猛烈冲击着「中美洲号」(Central America),这艘船载运着许多乘客以及大批从加州来的黄金。这是1857年,美国的银行需要这批黄金安全抵达终点。 

美国银行投资的生意都失败了,美国人民的生计也因此受到极大的影响。投资客在股票市场与铁道营运上损失惨重,无法偿还他们的债务。土地投资客本来想要趁着新建的铁道路线赚大钱,但是现在也损失了大把钞票。人们担心国家财政因此会崩溃。他们跑到银行把存款都提出来,但是银行却停止支付纸币。他们现在只交易银子和金子。


A violent hurricane lashed at the Central America, a sailing vessel carrying passengers and a huge shipment of gold from California. The year was 1857, and U.S. banks needed that gold to reach its destination safely.

The banks had invested in businesses that were failing, and this was causing the American people to panic. Investors were losing heavily in the stock market and railroads were unable to pay their debts. Land speculators who had counted on the construction of new railroad routes were losing money. People feared financial ruin. They ran to the banks to withdraw their money, but the banks did not deal in paper money. They used silver and gold.

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