C. Frémont) 被控叛乱
在西部拓荒时期因为制作精确地图而受到表扬的约翰．福瑞蒙特少校，在1848年1月31日被以叛乱罪与不服从命令的罪名送交军法审判。福瑞蒙特因为在墨西哥战争 (1846-1848) 中表现优异，所以在1847年被任命为加州州长。加州在战争退出后被墨西哥割让给美国。
What happens when two governors are appointed for one territory? In Major John C. Frémont's case, he was given a court-martial.
Major John C. Frémont, admired for his map-making expeditions to the West, was court-martialed on the grounds of mutiny and disobeying orders on January 31, 1848. Frémont was appointed governor of California in 1847 in recognition of his role in the Mexican war (1846-1848). California had recently been ceded to the United States by Mexico following that war.
General Stephen Kearny, however, was sent by the federal government to govern the state. Tension arose between Kearny and Frémont over who had governing authority. In August 1847, Kearny ordered Frémont arrested and charged with insubordination. Frémont was found guilty by a court-martial and subjected to penalties, including removal from the army. Although this decision was reversed by President James K. Polk, Frémont chose to resign his military commission.