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Jump Back in Time 新兴国家 (1790-1828)
 
Woman wearing a hat
虽然你不能替新的流行风格申请专利,但是你可以替新的材料或制造衣服的方法申请专利

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玛丽凯斯 (Mary Kies) 在180955日成为第一个得到美国专利权的女性

如果你有一个新发明的好点子怎么办?让你的发型整天都好看的发胶?最棒的螺旋足球?还是能够装下所有学校资料的背包?为了要保护你的新发明,你应该要去申请专利。 所谓的专利,是指由政府颁订的认可证明,使发明人在一定的期间内,拥有完全的权利能制造、使用,或贩卖他的发明。当前,许多国家大概都把保护期间订为1620年。专利权通常会颁给新式且有用的机器、制造产品、工业过程例如凯斯的编织法以及对现在制造过程有显着改进的方法等。专利权能够鼓励企业家,例如织布工与制帽者玛丽凯斯等人,能够一直创造更新且更好的产品。


What if you come up with a great idea for a new invention? The Good-Hair-Day Hairspray, the perfect spiral football, a backpack that flies you to school. To protect your new invention, you would get a patent. A patent is a government grant that gives the inventor the exclusive right to make, use, or sell an invention, usually for a limited period. Nowadays it's 16 to 20 years in most countries. Patents are granted to new and useful machines, manufactured products, industrial processes--such as Kies's method of weaving--and significant improvements of existing processes. Patents encourage entrepreneurs, like weaver and hat maker Mary Kies, to create new and better products all the time.
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