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Richmond & Backus Co. Sewing Room, Detroit, Michigan
底特律 (Detroit) 一家缝纫工厂里的女工正在用缝纫机工作

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发明家艾利司哈维 (Elias Howe) 生于181979

平均一分钟可以织缝250针,哈维发明的机器比任何一个手工裁缝师的速度都要快;不过,虽然速度快,但是哈维的发明并不畅销。一直到伊萨克辛格 (Issac Singer1811-1875) 与爱伦威尔森 (Allen Wilson, 1824-1888) 把他们二人的设计加进哈维的机器之后,缝纫机才真正受到大家欢迎。辛格发明了上下运动的机关,而威尔森则发明了旋转式的钩梭。 (一台缝纫机要用到两捆线,梭子支撑住较低的那捆线,然后把线头带到上层那捆线的线环里,这样就完成了一针。) 哈维、辛格,与威尔森三人把他们的发明组合在一起,制作出新型的缝纫机,并且卖给美国各地的服饰工厂。

1889年,辛格公司设计、制作出家用电动缝纫机,并且开始对外贩售。到了1905年,几乎所有美国人都开始使用这种电动机器来缝纫衣服。到了今日,许多任务厂里的缝纫机,是通过计算机科技来生产订制的服饰,人力的需求也越来越少。你有没有用过缝纫机呢?


At 250 stitches a minute, Howe's machine could outsew the fastest of hand sewers. Despite its speed, though, Howe's invention did not sell very well. It wasn't until Isaac Singer (1811-1875) and Allen Wilson (1824-1888) each added their own new features to the machine that it became more popular. Singer invented the up-and-down motion mechanism, and Wilson created a rotary hook shuttle. (A sewing machine uses two spools of thread. The shuttle holds the lower thread and carries this thread through a loop of the upper thread, resulting in a stitch.) Howe, Singer, and Wilson put their inventions together, and soon sewing machines were built and sold to garment factories all over the United States.

In 1889, an electric sewing machine for use in the home was designed and marketed by Singer. By 1905, Americans all over the country were beginning to sew with electrically powered machines. Today sewing machines in manufacturing plants use computer technology to create customized clothing with little human intervention. Have you ever used a sewing machine?

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