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A Georgia mill worker, 1941
佐治亚州的一个磨坊工人在1941年把棉花加工成织布

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美国的第一家棉织厂在17901220日开始运作

你是否曾经看着你的衣服,然后对他们的制作方式感到好奇呢?一件棉质T-Shirt是怎么作的呢:是怎么从一团毛线球变成你现在身上穿的衣服?这个过程有大半部分都是在棉织厂里头进型的。美国第一家棉织厂在17901220日开始运作。在罗德岛州的拋塔克特 (Pawtucket) 地区,有一家棉织厂使用水力发电的机器来梳理与制作棉线球。有些机器负责通过剔除过短的纤维,进一步梳理纤维使之不会打结。在旋转过程中,纤维会被抽取出来,经过旋转缠绕之后,就会变成棉线或纱线。这些线接着就可以在下个阶段里进行染色,并且织成布料。你能想像在机器发明之前,这些工作都是手工进行的吗?


Do you ever look at your clothes and wonder how they were made? How does a cotton T-shirt go from a fluffy little ball of cotton full of seeds to the shirt on your back? A large part of the process happens in a cotton mill. The first American cotton mill began operation on December 20, 1790. The mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, had water-powered machinery for carding and spinning cotton. A machine cards cotton by combing and untangling fibers while removing short undesirable fibers. In the spinning process, the fibers are drawn out, twisted and wound to create thread or yarn. That thread can then be dyed and woven into fabrics in the next phase of the process. Can you imagine that all this used to be done by hand before there were machines?

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