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Jump Back in Time 新兴国家 (1790-1828)  
 
The Bill of Rights
“权利法案”:影响深远的一张纸

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新兴的美国于17911215日通过权利法案 (Bill of Rights)

“权利法案”还确保了哪些自由呢?宪法的十项修正案保证人民有权组织“管理良善的义勇军”,并能持有武器;人民有保有私人财产的权利;被控犯罪之嫌疑犯有权接受公平对待;免于不合理搜证与逮捕的权利;免于陷己入罪的权利;快速与公正的审判;以及律师代表发言的权利。美国到现在还继续增加更多的修正案,以定义并保护人民的自由。1870年通过的第15项修正案就赋予所有美国人,不论其种族为何,都享有投票的权利。而1920年通过的第19项修正案,则进一步让女性享有这些权利。你知道哪一项宪法修正案对你的影响最大吗?


What other freedoms does the Bill of Rights guarantee? The first 10 amendments guarantee the right of the people to form a "well-regulated militia," to keep and bear arms, the rights of private property, fair treatment of those accused of crimes, protection from unreasonable search and seizure, freedom from self-incrimination, a speedy and impartial jury trial, and representation by counsel. The U.S. has continued to add amendments to these first 10, defining and protecting our personal liberties. The 15th Amendment gave the right to vote to all male Americans, regardless of race, in 1870. The 19th Amendment expanded those rights to women in 1920. What amendments in the Constitution most affect you?
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