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Woman fingerprinted. Mrs. Rosa Parks, Negro seamstress, whose refusal to move to the back of a bus touched off the bus boycott in Montgomery, Ala.

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罗莎帕克斯 (Rosa Parks) 因为「不合作主义」 (Civil Disobedience) 而遭到逮捕:1955121

罗莎.帕克斯可以挺身捍卫她所相信的信念,也可坐着坚持她所相信的理念。在1955121日的傍晚,帕克斯这个非裔美国人在一整天的工作之后感到相当疲惫,她决定要在回家的公车上找个位置坐下来休息。因为她坐在座位上拒绝让位给一个白人乘客,于是她因为违反阿拉巴马州的法律而遭到逮捕。该州法律规定当公车满座时,黑人必须要让位给白人。 (此外,黑人也只能坐在公车的后半部。) 帕克斯的逮捕事件,引发了蒙哥马力郡 (Montgomery) 一场长达381天的抵制公车事件。这也进一步促使最高法院在1956年通过禁止在公共运输工具上再发生种族隔离的情形。引发1960年代民权运动的罗莎.帕克斯究竟是谁呢?

Rosa Parks stood up for what she believed, or rather, sat down for what she believed. On the evening of December 1, 1955, Parks, an African American, was tired after a long day of work and decided to take a seat on the bus on her ride home. Because she sat down and refused to give up her seat to a white passenger, she was arrested for disobeying an Alabama law requiring black people to relinquish seats to white people when the bus was full. (Blacks also had to sit at the back of the bus.) Her arrest sparked a 381-day boycott of the Montgomery bus system. It also led to a 1956 Supreme Court decision banning segregation on public transportation. Who was Rosa Parks, the woman who helped spark the civil rights movement of the 1960s?

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