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President John F. Kennedy

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如果你在一个天气很好的夜晚看着天空,你可能会看到一个物体缓慢的在闪亮的星星与星球之间移动着,划过黑暗的天空。这个小物体并不是星星,这是绕着地球轨道运行的卫星。天上卫星的数量很多,这都得感谢约翰.肯尼迪 (John F. Kennedy) 与林登.詹森 (Lyndon Johnson) 的努力。

西元1961624日,美国民众得知肯尼迪总统下令指派副总统詹森负责运行统整美国卫星计画的这项优先重大任务。自从苏联在1957年发射全世界第一颗人造卫星「史波尼克」 (Sputnik) 后,美国的太空计画开始迎头赶上。但是这项计画却因为政府部门之间的斗争与政府预算扩充的困难,而遭遇到许多挑战。毫无疑问的,这项计画需要强而有力的领导才能落实。

If you look up into the sky on a clear night, you might see among the sparkling stars and planets an object that is moving slowly across the dark sky. That little light is no star; it's a satellite orbiting the earth. There are many out there, thanks in part to the efforts of John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson.

On June 24, 1961, the public learned of President Kennedy's letter assigning Vice President Johnson the high-priority task of unifying the United States satellite programs. After the Soviet Union launched Sputnik, the world's first artificial satellite, in 1957, the U.S. space program skyrocketed. But the program was plagued with rivalries between competing government agencies and expanding costs. It needed strong leadership.

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