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Explore the States 西弗吉尼亚
'Harpers Ferry, West Virginia'

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哈普斯渡口(Harpers Ferry)

在美国历史中,甚至在内战时期西弗吉尼亚脱离弗吉尼亚并自成一州前,西弗吉尼亚的哈普斯渡口(Harpers Ferry)小镇扮演了一个极为重要的角色。1859年,废奴主义者(希望废除奴隶制度的人)约翰布朗(John Brown)在镇上发动袭击。他希望使用自美国军械库及兵工厂所夺取的武器来解放该区的奴隶。布朗于是计划自附近的山坡某处发动突然袭击。虽然他并没有成功,但这次的袭击计画提升了紧张情势并进而导致内战发生。

内战时期,邦联(Confederate)及联邦(Union)军队都想要控制哈普斯渡口。它不只拥有军械库及兵工厂(存放武器的场所),它还座落在重要铁路及谢南多厄河(Shenandoah river)及波多马克河(Potomac river)的交接处。事实上,哈普斯渡口在战时曾经易手八次,这也显示出双方都非常想要拥有此镇的控制权。

The small town of Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, played a significant role in United States history, even before the state of West Virginia separated from Virginia during the Civil War. In 1859, John Brown, an abolitionist, (someone who wanted to see slavery abolished), led a raid on the town. He hoped to use weapons seized from the U.S. Armory and Arsenal to free slaves in the area. Brown then planned to launch similar raids elsewhere from the surrounding hills. He did not succeed, but the raid contributed to tensions leading to the Civil War.

During the Civil War, both the Confederate and the Union armies wanted control of Harpers Ferry. Not only did it have an arsenal and armory (a place to store weapons), but also the town was located at the meeting point of important railroads and at the meeting of the Shenandoah and Potomac rivers. In fact, Harpers Ferry changed hands eight times during the war, which shows just how much both sides wanted to control it.

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