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Explore the States 华盛顿  
 
Photo of a fishing camp, boat, and two people
位于临时住所前的钓鱼营地,而这个住所是由香蒲草席搭建而成

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苏跨米西族印地安部落(Suquamish Tribe)
地方性遗产

猜猜看,华盛顿州内的苏跨米西族印地安人的常规,是如何差点被一所寄宿学校毁掉的?

1880年代起,一直到了1920年代,苏跨米西族印地安人的孩子被送入寄宿学校就读,只为了让他们的下一代成为良好的公民。这个主意是要将他们带离部落生活,让他们可以适应现代的世界。

苏跨米西族内年龄介于418岁的孩子,全部都会被送至寄宿学校就读;在那里,他们不可以使用他们的原住民语言(Lushootseed)进行会话。冬季来临时,这些寄宿学生也不会回到部落里,所以无法听到部落长者所陈述的故事、学习编制篮子的技艺及学唱部落歌曲,因此这些孩子丧失了与部落生活的重要连系。除了不可使用他们的原住民语言之外,他们也不可以进行任何的常规习俗,假如有人实行这些常规习俗,就会受到惩罚。

到了1920年代,将孩童送到寄宿学校的措施才予以终止而到了1980年代时,苏跨米西族正要进入另一个具有未来新希望的时期。为了获取财务独立,部落开始经营生意,部落长者可在新建的文化中心,将他们对语言、常规技艺及宗教习俗的知识传给下一代另外,苏跨米西族博物馆也展有苏跨米西族的文化及生活方式,以确保苏跨米西族印地安人的部落生活型态能永续保存。


Can you guess how a boarding school nearly wiped out the traditions of the Suquamish Indians of Washington state?

From the 1880s until the 1920s, children from the Suquamish Tribe were sent to boarding school in order to make them "good citizens." The idea was to take them away from tribal life and include them in the modern world.

Suquamish children from the ages of 4 to 18 were sent to a boarding school, where they were forbidden to speak their native language, Lushootseed. Because they were missing from the tribe during the winter months, when storytelling, basket making, and songs were taught, these children lost an important link to tribal life. In addition to not being allowed to speak their native language, they could not practice any of their traditions and they were punished if they did.

By the 1920s the practice of sending the children to boarding school had ended. And, by the 1980s, the Suquamish were entering a period of new hope for the future. Tribal businesses were created in order to gain financial independence. Cultural centers were established where tribal elders could pass on their knowledge of language, traditional skills, and religious customs. And the Suquamish Museum opened with exhibits on Suquamish culture and way of life, making sure that the tribal life of the Suquamish Indians would be preserved.

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