Skip to Content
HomeAbout this siteHelpSearch this site The Library of Congress
America's Story from America's LibraryMeet Amazing AmericansJump Back in TimeExplore the StatesJoin America at PlaySee, Hear and Sing
Explore the States 弗吉尼亚
Photo of WACs at Camp Lee in late 1949 enjoying recreational activities
Post Exchange (店铺名) 内,正在享受休闲活动的WAC
(Camp Lee)1949年晚期


Enlarge this image
李堡 (Fort Lee) 及军中女兵的传说


弗吉尼亚州李堡内新成立的美国女兵博物馆 (U.S. Army Women's Museum) 是为了表彰曾在美国军队中服役的女兵。

一次世界大战时,有许多担任护士的女性任职于当时称做李营区 (Camp Lee) 的李堡。而到了二次世界大战时,则成立了陆军妇女服务队 (Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, WAAC)) ,这个名字很快就改为陆军妇女队 (Women's Army Corps, WAC)一开始,WAC被视为一个暂时的单位,它将随着二次世界大战的退出告终,但情况并非如此;1948年,李营区成立了WAC训练中心 (WAC Training Center) ,所以的妇女在被分派至永久的任职单位前,都会先来此处受训。

自开国以来,妇女就于军中服务。独立战争 (Revolutionary War) 时,又名「莫利水壶」 (Molly Pitcher) 的麦考利 (Mary McCauley) 负责携带冷却大炮及她丈夫军团内士兵的用水。内战 (Civil War) 时,塔布曼 (Harriet Tubman, 一位逃亡的奴隶)在联邦军队担任护士及间谍职务并带领联邦军队发动袭击,因而让750多名奴隶重获自由。二次世界大战时,科克伦 (Jacqueline Cochran) 是第一位驾驶重型轰炸机飞越大西洋的驾驶员。她也负责为英国的皇家空军运输服务队 (Air Transport Auxiliary of the Royal Air Force) 训练美籍的女性运送驾驶员。她于1945年获颁杰出服务奖章 (Distinguished Service Medal) ,藉以表彰她在二次世界大战时的表现。


The new U.S. Army Women's Museum at Fort Lee, Virginia, honors the women who have served in the U.S. Army.

During World War I, when Fort Lee was called Camp Lee, many women served there as nurses. During World War II, the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) was established. That name was soon changed to the Women's Army Corps (WAC). In the beginning, the WAC was considered a temporary unit that would be broken up when World War II ended, but that didn't happen. Instead, the WAC Training Center was established at Camp Lee in 1948 and women trained there before moving on to their permanent Army assignments.

Women have served in the military since the beginning of our nation. During the Revolutionary War, Mary McCauley, better known as "Molly Pitcher," carried water to cool both the cannons and the soldiers in her husband's regiment. During the Civil War, Harriet Tubman (an escaped slave) worked as a nurse and spy for Union forces and led the Union Army on a raid that resulted in freedom for more than 750 slaves. During World War II, Jacqueline Cochran was the first woman to fly a heavy bomber over the Atlantic. She also trained American women as transport pilots in England for the Air Transport Auxiliary of the Royal Air Force. She was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal in 1945 for her service in World War II.

The U.S. Army Women's Museum at Fort Lee highlights the bravery of these women and many others who have served in our country's forces.

1/1 页 More Stories


Library Of Congress | Legal Notices | Privacy | Site Map | Contact Us