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Photo of a Juneteenth Celebration program cover
六月节(Juneteenth Celebration)的节目单封面

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六月节(Juneteenth Celebration)
地方性遗产

您知道什么是Juneteenth吗?

它是一个节日的名称,旨在庆祝1865619日,因为联邦士兵于当天抵达德州并宣告林肯总统已经发表了「解放宣言」(Emancipation Procalamation)当时的消息流通速度缓慢,因而德州并没有听到林肯于186311日所发表的宣言,直到两年后的619日,德州当地才收到此一消息!

宣言内容表示「从今以后,生活在反叛各州内且被当成奴隶的人都获得解放,回复自由之身」,所以解放宣言在很多方面都有所限制,它只适用于退出联邦的州别,而无法应用在边境各州的奴隶制度上另外,它也明白地豁免已经受北方管辖的部分南方联盟,最重要的是,它所承诺的自由需仰赖联邦的军事胜利。

虽然自1865年后,每年都会非正式地庆祝六月节,但直到197963日,德州才成为第一个将解放日(Emancipation DayJuneteenth)定为官方节日的州;六月节已经成为非裔美国人庆祝己身自由、文化及成就的节日,它是全美同庆非裔美国人历史及庆祝他们重获自由的日子。


Do you know what Juneteenth is?

It is the name for a holiday celebrating June 19, 1865, the day when Union soldiers arrived in Texas and spread the word that President Lincoln had delivered his Emancipation Procalamation. News traveled so slowly in those days that Texas did not hear of Lincoln's Proclamation, which he gave on January 1, 1863, until more than two years after it was issued!

The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free." Thus, the Emancipation Proclamation was limited in many ways. It applied only to states that had seceded from the Union, leaving slavery untouched in the loyal border states. It also expressly exempted parts of the Confederacy that had already come under Northern control. Most important, the freedom it promised depended upon Union military victory.

Although Juneteenth has been informally celebrated each year since 1865, it wasn't until June 3, 1979, that Texas became the first state to proclaim Emancipation Day (Juneteenth) an official state holiday. But it is much more than a holiday. Juneteenth has become a day for African Americans to celebrate their freedom, culture, and achievements. It is a day for all Americans to celebrate African American history and rejoice in their freedom.

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