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Portrait of Sam Houston
山姆休斯顿
 

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防御阿拉莫(Alamo)的山姆休斯顿(Sam Houston)
「记得阿拉莫」(Remember the Alamo)是一句众所皆知的用语,您知道它的意思吗?

曾任职于美国众议院及田纳西州长的山姆休斯顿于1832年搬到德州。 当时的德州还是墨西哥的一部分,境内因为墨西哥当局及美国的安德鲁(Anglo)殖民间的紧张情势上升,暴力冲突也一再发生。 声明支持德州独立的休斯顿成为殖民者的领袖,1835年,他更被选为司令官,负责带领德州军队。

圣安东尼奥市的阿拉莫是18世纪的圣芳济教会,它是德州人为脱离墨西哥、寻求独立的重要战争地点;1836年,墨西哥将军圣塔安那打败了一小群德州人。

当休斯顿收到阿拉莫战败的消息时,他决定要展开为期一个月的撤退行动,希望重新编排及补充德州军队的兵力。 记取阿拉莫的惨烈教训,1836421日,休斯顿的军队在圣哈辛特(San Jacinto)赢得胜利,快速的击退墨西哥军队并让德州获得独立。 不久后,休斯顿获选为德克萨斯共和国的总统,而且在德州于1845年成为美国的一部分后,继续身任参议员及州长。

1863年,休斯顿死于德州的亨茨维尔(Huntsville),现在那儿则立有高67英尺悼念休斯顿的纪念雕像 休斯顿将其一生贡献给他的国家,而他最为人所知的一点则是他在德州寻求独立时,所扮演的重要角色。


"Remember the Alamo" is a well-known phrase. Do you know what it means?

Sam Houston had already served in the U.S. House of Representatives and as governor of Tennessee when he moved to Texas in 1832. At the time he arrived, Texas was part of Mexico and the site of rising tensions and violent disturbances between Mexican authorities and Anglo settlers from the United States. Voicing his support for a separate state of Texas, Houston emerged as a leader among the settlers. In 1835, he was chosen commander in chief of the Texas army.

The Alamo was an 18th century Franciscan Mission in San Antonio, Texas, which was the location of an important battle for Texans fighting for independence from Mexico. In 1836, a small group of Texans was defeated by Mexican General Santa Anna.

When Houston received word of the defeat at the Alamo, he was inspired to begin a month-long retreat to regroup and replenish the Texas army's strength. Remembering how badly the Texans had been defeated at the Alamo, on April 21, 1836, Houston's army won a quick battle against the Mexican forces at San Jacinto and gained independence for Texas. Soon after, Houston was elected president of the Republic of Texas. He continued to serve as senator and governor after Texas became part of the United States in 1845.

Sam Houston died in 1863 in Huntsville, Texas, where a 67-foot-tall memorial statue of him now stands. After a lifetime of service to his country, the event for which he is most well known is his role in the independence of Texas.

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