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Photo of man holding a ribbon with two mules
莫瑞郡公园(Maury County Park)的骡子展示会,19964

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骡日
地方性遗产

您知道骡子源自何处吗?它是驴子及马的后代骡子拥有像马一样的强壮肌肉,但却像驴子一样,吃的少、可长时间工作且个性温和乔治华盛顿是美国境内第一位拥有骡子的人他听说骡子是极佳的农场动物,于是他向西班牙的美国大使询问关于骡子的资料1785年,西班牙国王查尔斯三世(King Charles III)将公驴当做礼物送给华盛顿,而这只公驴就成为美国的骡业之父。

每年四月,莫瑞郡(Maury County)会举办一个名为「骡日」的节庆1840年代时,田纳西哥伦比亚(Columbia)的骡日原叫「养育者日」(Breeder's Day)每年四月,农夫及家畜饲养者会带着他们的牲畜来到市场展示、拍卖及交易在牵引机发明前,这个市集是一件重要的交易场合,当时,许多家庭都以经营农场维生,而骡子则是用来进行农场工作的牲畜最后,牵引机替换了骡子,农夫也不如以前那么需要骡子的服务了。

为吸引更多民众前来参观,1934年的骡日开始添加游行节目。随着时间的过去,骡日的节目内容也一直增加,到了现在,每年都有200,000多名游客前来观看及参加骡日。假如您于骡日当天来访,您可能会看见驾骡比赛、方块舞、工艺展示甚或是伐木工人竞赛。

Do you know where a mule comes from? It is the offspring of a donkey and a horse. Mules have strong muscles like horses but they eat less, can work longer, and are gentler, like donkeys. George Washington was the first person in the United States to own mules. He had heard that mules made good farm animals and he contacted the U.S. ambassador in Spain to ask about them. In 1785, King Charles III of Spain sent Washington a male donkey as a gift. That male donkey became the father of the mule industry in the U.S.

Every April, Maury County holds a Mule Day celebration. Held in Columbia, Tennessee, Mule Day had its beginnings as "Breeder's Day" in the 1840s. Farmers and livestock breeders would bring their animals to market every April to show, buy, and trade. This was an important business before the days of tractors, when many families made a living from farming and mules were used as work animals. Eventually, tractors began to replace mules, making them less in demand.

A parade was added to Mule Day in 1934 to attract more people. Over the years other activities have been added, and today more than 200,000 people show up each year to watch and participate. If you visit on Mule Day, you might see a mule-driving contest, a square dance, a crafts festival, or even a lumberjack competition.

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