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Explore the States 南达科他
 
Photo of two bison in a green meadow
绿色草地上的两头野牛

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卡斯特州立公园
地方性遗产

您知道什么是濒临绝种的物种吗
?它是一种处于灭绝危险之中的植物或动物。北美野牛或水牛是美国境内濒临绝种的动物。在欧洲人来到美洲之前,许多野牛悠游漫步在大草原上,总数约达3千万头!欧洲移民不停的捕杀它们,他们相信永远都有源源不绝的野生野牛。不幸的是,他们错了。为数众多的野牛遭到猎杀,以致于到了1890年时,野牛的数量只剩下750头。国会通过了一条用来保护它们的法律,而现在大部分的野牛都住在公园及野生动物保护区内。

1897年成立的卡斯特州立公园,是南达科他州境内的第一座州立公园,它也是该州境内最大的州立公园,占地73,000亩。这座公园内有湖泊、大草原及松树林。对许多不同种类的野生动物来说,这些环境是完美的居住地,如:美洲赤鹿及大角羊,还有照片中的公羊。另外,公园内也住有成群的野牛。由于保护该物种的努力所致,现在那里约有80,00090,000头野牛。


Do you know what an endangered species is? It's a plant or animal that is in danger of extinction. The bison, or buffalo, was an endangered species in the United States. Before Europeans came to America, huge numbers of bison roamed free on the prairies -- about 30 million! European settlers hunted them eagerly, believing that there would always be a continual supply of wild bison. Unfortunately, they were wrong. So many bison were hunted that by 1890 there were only 750 animals left. A law was passed to protect them, and today most bison live in parks and wildlife reserves.

Custer State Park was the first state park created in South Dakota, in 1897. It's also South Dakota's largest state park, covering 73,000 acres. The park contains lakes, prairies, and pine forests. These settings are the perfect homes for many kinds of wildlife, such as elk and bighorn sheep, like the rams in the photo. Herds of bison also live in the park. Today, there are about 80,000 to 90,000 bison, thanks to efforts to preserve the species.

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