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Photo of Bella Noka, winner of Eastern Blanket Dance category, October 1999
199910Shemitzun祈祷会中,东部毛毯舞(Eastern Blanket Dance)比赛项目的世界冠军:贝拉诺卡(Bella Noka)

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纳拉甘西特族印地安部落
地方性遗产

早在欧洲移民定居在现今的罗德岛前,纳拉甘西特族印地安人早就已经住在这里了。纳拉甘西特族是由数个小部落所组成,每一个部落都有自己的首领(sachem),他们依靠谷物种植、狩猎及捕鱼维生。

1524年,欧洲人首次接触罗德岛的印地安人,是在探险家韦拉札诺(Giovanni de Verrazano)造访纳拉甘西特湾时。他形容这些数量庞大的印地安人,是由强大的「国王群」负责管理。而欧洲人直到1635年才在此地定居。直到1675-76年的菲利普王战争爆发前,纳拉甘西特人及欧洲人一直维持着友好关系。这场战争是新英格兰地区南部的印地安人,对这些不停侵占印地安人土地的英国移民,所进行的最后一次大规模抗争;纳拉甘西特人试着将这些英国移民赶出他们的土地,但却彻底被击溃。

战争退出后,剩下的纳拉甘西特人被迫住在保留区内,但到了18世纪末,保留区却被大幅度的缩编。1880-1884年间,罗德岛使纳拉甘西特人丧失部落特征,也就是说,他们不再被视为一个部落。

随着时间一年年的过去,纳拉甘西特人试着维持他们的部落习俗及常规,但直到1970年左右,他们才能够重新提出取回部分土地的所有权要求,直到1980年后,联邦才承认他们是一个部落。虽然耗费数十年,但纳拉甘西特人的坚持终于获得成功,他们总算取回曾经属于他们的一部分。


The Narragansett Indian Tribe lived in what is now known as Rhode Island, long before Europeans settled there. The Narragansett were made up of several sub-tribes, each with a chief (sachem). They survived by farming corn, hunting, and fishing.

Europeans first came into contact with the Indians of Rhode Island in 1524, when the explorer Giovanni de Verrazano visited Narragansett Bay. He described a large Indian population organized under powerful "kings." Europeans didn't settle this area until 1635. The Narraganset and Europeans maintained good relations until King Philip's War in 1675-76. This war was the last major effort by the Indians of southern New England to drive out the English settlers who wanted more and more Indian land. But the Narragansett were completely defeated.

After the war, the remaining Narragansetts were forced to live on reservation lands, but by the end of the 18th century, the reservation lands had been drastically reduced. The state of Rhode Island "detribalized" the Narragansett during 1880-1884, which meant that they were no longer recognized as a tribe.

Over the years, the Narragansett tried to maintain their tribal customs and traditions, but it wasn't until the 1970s that they were able to reclaim part of their land and the 1980s before they received federal recognition as a tribe. It took decades, but the persistence of the Narragansett at getting back a part of what belonged to them finally paid off.

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