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Explore the States 罗德岛州
 
Slater Mill, Pawtucket, Rhode Island
位于罗德岛州波塔基特的斯莱特工厂
 

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罗德岛州的山谬斯莱特(Samuel Slater)
谁是山谬斯莱特?他因什么而出名?

18世纪晚期至19世纪早期间,罗德岛州成为美国境内的制造业先驱,而在罗德岛州的经济一环上,占有举足轻重地位的个人之一就是山谬斯莱特。

罗德岛州的强项是纺织业。该州与西北其他各州都是美国工业革命的一部分,当时,原本以农业为主的经济,渐渐转变成以工业及机械制造业为主。

斯莱特于1790年,在罗德岛州的布拉克斯东河旁,创建了他的第一座工厂,这是美国境内最初的几间工厂之一。三年后,他又在波塔基特创办了斯莱特工厂,第一间利用水力发电的机器,成功生产棉线的美国工厂。

其他工厂也陆续在罗德岛州及新英格兰地区各地兴起到了19世纪前半期,罗德岛州已经有超过100间工厂,雇用了数以千计的男工、女工及童工。工厂老板喜欢雇用女工及童工,因为他们的薪资比男工低。


Who was Samuel Slater and what is he famous for?

During the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Rhode Island became a pioneer in manufacturing in the United States. One of the individuals who played a big role in Rhode Island's economy was Samuel Slater.

Rhode Island was especially strong in textile manufacturing. The state, along with other parts of the Northeast, was part of the American Industrial Revolution, when the economy, which had been based on agriculture, became one based on machines and industries.

Slater established his first mill in 1790 on the Blackstone River in Rhode Island. It was one of the first factories in the United States. Three years later, in Pawtucket, he built Slater Mill, the first American factory to successfully produce cotton yarn with water-powered machines.

Other mills were established throughout Rhode Island and New England. By the first half of the 19th century, there were more than 100 mills in Rhode Island that employed thousands of men, women, and children. Factory owners liked to hire women and children because they could pay them lower wages than they paid men.

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