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Photo of a gold and blue horse on a carousel
陆普旋转木马中的马儿
罗德岛州的东普洛维顿斯县


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陆夫(Looff)旋转木马
地方性遗产

跳上旋转木马,来一趟艺术之旅吧!又名merry-go-rounds的手工制旋转木马,它是一种民间艺术的表现类型,曾广受大众欢迎;不幸的是,许多早期的手工制旋转木马,已经被拆解开来,分开售出。

东普洛维顿斯县克雷森特公园内的陆夫旋转木马,是少数几个仍在运作中的手工制旋转木马。它是1895年,由祖籍丹麦的查理斯陆夫(Charles I.D. Looff)所设计、建造的,他是最早期且最重要的旋转木马制造者之一。陆夫旋转木马已在最初的搭建地,运行了100多年,现在仍在运转中,它的保存情况良好,代表了曾经风行美国的民间艺术。因为本身所代表的文化意义,陆夫旋转木马于1976421日,正式被列入史迹地点国家注册处。

您知道旋转木马中有一匹领队马吗?根据旋转木马的传说,领队马就是其中最大且装饰最华丽的那一匹马。一般而言,领队马通常是一匹军用马或战马。假如旋转木马有包含双轮马车(两轮或四轮马车),位于双轮马车外侧的第一匹马就是领队马。有些旋转木马的马好似在疾驶一般,会上下移动,所以骑乘者就可以略略知道真实的骑马感受。下一次,当您有机会骑乘旋转木马时,或许可以骑骑那匹领队马!


Take a ride on a work of art by hopping onto a carousel! Hand-made carousels, also called merry-go-rounds, are a form of folk art that was once very popular. Unfortunately, many early handmade carousels have been disassembled and sold off in pieces.

The Looff Carousel at Crescent Park in East Providence, Rhode Island, is one of the few handmade carousels still in use. It was designed and built in 1895 by Charles I.D. Looff, a native of Denmark, who was one of the earliest and most important manufacturers of carousels. Still functioning on its original site more than 100 years later, the Looff Carousel is one of the finest surviving examples of a once common American folk art. Because of its cultural significance, the Looff Carousel was entered into the National Register of Historic Sites and Places on April 21, 1976.

Did you know there is a lead horse on a carousel? According to carousel legend, the lead horse is always the biggest, most decorative horse. Often the lead horse is a military or war horse. If a chariot (a two or four-wheeled horse-drawn carriage) is included in the carousel, the first horse just behind it on the outside is the lead horse. On some carousels, the horses move up and down as if they were galloping, so riders get a sense of what it is like to ride a real horse. Next time you get the chance, hop onto a carousel, you may even get to ride the lead horse!

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