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Explore the States 罗德岛州
 
Photo of five young girls in Colonial costumes
儿童殖民服饰竞赛
1995
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葛斯比日
地方性遗产

知名的波士顿茶党案发生在17731216日,它是美国殖民地居民对英国统治的最初反抗。但实际上,它发生在另一件事件之后,某些人将这个事件称作「第一次真正的自由反扑」(first real blow for freedom),您听过这个事件吗?

这个事件发生于17726月,罗德岛州的纳拉甘西特湾,当时的美国殖民地居民烧毁了英国的船舰HMS葛斯比号。美国人已经对英王乔治三世(King George III)的不公感到厌倦,他对每样东西都征税,小至玻璃、邮票,大至茶叶。英王乔治派遣葛斯比号到纳拉甘西特湾,运行他的命令及防范走私事件。

HMS葛斯比号由陆军中尉达汀斯顿(William Dudingston)负责统领,他要求其他的船只降半旗,以做为尊敬他的船舰的表示。因而,达汀斯顿相当不受人欢迎。当美国船舰汉娜号(Hannah)拒绝降旗,葛斯比号就开始追逐它,而汉娜号的船长就故意将葛斯比号带到浅水区,让这艘英国船舰搁浅在一个沙洲上,无法移动。当天晚上,64位罗德岛居民划船至葛斯比号附近,登上船舰,俘虏所有的水手并枪杀了达汀斯顿,最后还放火烧了这艘船。

罗德岛州的瓦立克居民,每年六月都会庆祝此一事件庆祝活动包括了舞会、儿童殖民服饰竞赛(像照片中的女孩子们,身上所穿的衣服)、殖民晚餐及重现当时事件的演出。


The Boston Tea Party, which took place on December 16, 1773, is the best known of the early protests by U.S. Colonists against British rule. But it actually followed another conflict that some people refer to as the "first real blow for freedom." Have you heard of it?

The incident occurred in Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island, in June 1772, when American Colonists burned the British ship HMS Gaspee. The Americans were tired of the unfairness of King George III, who placed taxes on everything from glass to stamps to tea. King George had sent the Gaspee to Naragansett Bay to enforce his orders and prevent smuggling.

The HMS Gaspee. was under the command of Lieutenant William Dudingston, who required that all other ships lower their flags as a sign of respect to his ship. As a result, Dudingston was not well liked. When the American vessel Hannah refused to lower its flag, the Gaspee chased it and the captain of the Hannah deliberately lured the Gaspee across shallow waters and left the British ship stranded on a sandbar, unable to move. Late that night, 64 Rhode Islanders rowed out to the Gaspee, boarded the ship, took the crew prisoners, shot Dudingston, and set the vessel on fire.

The citizens of Warwick, Rhode Island, celebrate this event every June. The events include a ball, a children's Colonial costume contest (like the one the girls in the photo are wearing), Colonial dinners, and a staging, or re-enactment, of the event.

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