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曾为奴隶的怀特少校(Major Richard Robert Wright Sr.)致力在争取一个,欢庆所有美国人的自由的日子。重获自由后,怀特成为费城的一位成功商人及社区领袖,他选择2月1日为全国自由日,因为林肯总统于186521日当天,签下了宪法第13条修正案,您知道第13条修正案的内容吗?

对我们的书面律法而言,这条修正案是一项重要的改变,它裁定美国境内的所有奴隶事项都是违法行为。怀特召集了全国及当地的领袖,共同拟定一项法案,宣称2月1日是全国自由日,而杜鲁门总统(President Harry Truman)1948年签署此一法案,使其成为法定节日。

What holiday is celebrated on February 1?

It's National Freedom Day. The purpose of this holiday is to promote good feelings, harmony, and equal opportunity among all citizens and to remember that the United States is a nation dedicated to the ideal of freedom.

Major Richard Robert Wright Sr., a former slave, fought to have a day when freedom for all Americans is celebrated. When Wright got his freedom, he went on to become a successful businessman and community leader in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Major Wright chose February 1 as National Freedom Day because it was the day in 1865 that President Lincoln signed the 13th Amendment to the Constitution. Do you know what the 13th Amendment did?

This amendment, an important change to our written law, outlawed slavery in the United States. Wright gathered national and local leaders together to write a bill declaring February 1 "National Freedom Day" and President Harry Truman signed the bill in 1948 making it official.

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