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Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address.

这是当前所知,最早的亚伯拉罕林肯的盖茨堡演说草稿首页
 

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内战时期的宾州
内战时,宾州境内最重要的一场战役是什么?

就是于186371日至73日,发生于宾州南区的盖茨堡战役(Battle of Gettysburg)。这是李将军(General Robert E. Lee)试图入侵北方各州的最后一役。虽然联邦军队打赢了这场战役,但是这场史上伤亡最惨重的战事,总共造成了51,000多位士兵死亡、受伤或被俘。

18631119日,在盖茨堡国家墓园的揭幕仪式上,亚伯拉罕林肯总统(President Abraham Lincoln)发表了着名的演讲:盖茨堡演说(Gettysburg Address)。您以前也许听过它有名的开头内容:「87年前」(Four score and seven years ago)。盖茨堡演说全文极短,总共不到300字,而且在当时的揭幕仪式上,它可能听起来更短,因为林肯是在演说家爱维莱特(Edward Everett)之后致词,而爱维莱特的演讲足足有两小时长。

林肯所发表的盖茨堡演说中,其中一段内容如下:「我们绝不能让先烈们的鲜血白流,要使我们这个国家在上帝的保佑下得到自由的新生,使这个民有、民治、民享的政府永世长存。」林肯演讲中所指称的士兵,并未明定为这些死于盖茨堡战争中的将士们 。也许他要南部各州的人相信,他演讲中所提到的战亡将士包含了邦联及联邦士兵。此外, 他所呼吁的国家「自由的新生」,可能是在恳求南部各州,重新添加联邦。


 
What was the most important battle in Pennsylvania during the Civil War?

It was the Battle of Gettysburg, which took place on July 1 through 3, 1863, in southern Pennsylvania. The battle was General Robert E. Lee's final attempt to invade the North. Even though the Union army won the battle, more than 51,000 soldiers were killed, wounded, or captured in the bloodiest battle of the entire war.

At the dedication ceremony of the National Cemetery at Gettysburg on November 19, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln delivered his famous speech, the Gettysburg Address. You may have heard the famous opening words before: "Four score and seven years ago." The Gettysburg Address is a very short speech. It is less than 300 words, and it probably seemed even shorter at the time because Lincoln delivered his address after a two-hour speech by orator Edward Everett.

At one point in the Gettysburg Address, Lincoln says: "We here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain, that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth." Lincoln is unclear when he talks about the soldiers who died during the Battle of Gettysburg. Perhaps he wanted Southerners to believe he was including the Confederate as well as the Union soldiers. By calling for a "new birth of freedom" for the nation, Lincoln may have been asking the South to rejoin the union.

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