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Explore the States 奥勒岗
 
Photo of a biker holding up a young child
机车骑士及他的年青朋友正在享受杜鹃花节游行1996

 

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佛罗伦斯(Florence)的杜鹃花节日
地方性遗产

您知道杜鹃花的长相吗?它是一种大型的灌木类植物,长有大大地且为数众多的花朵,花色为粉红、红、紫及白。

杜鹃花是石南属开花植物的俗名,其约有850多种种类。它们原生于喜马拉雅山脉、东南亚、马来西亚山上及北半球海岸。在奥勒岗佛罗伦斯境内的这粉白色美丽植物于五月开始开花,到了六月,这个温暖且明亮的色泽掩没了周遭地区。

佛罗伦斯杜鹃花节日是用来庆祝春天的来临。拓荒者们相信杜鹃花的花朵代表了夏季即将降临,而寒冷、多雨的冬季就要退出了。这个始于1908年的节日因为运输方式的改变也随之发生变化。以前的人们会搭乘马拉的驿马车来参加此一盛会,但几年后,由于新铁路完工,人们于是改搭火车前来;到了1940年代,汽车普及后,大部分人就以此交通工具代步,出发来到佛罗伦斯。1960年后,汽车普及,因而该节日开始以拉风跑车秀来做为号召。另一个受欢迎的盛事是摩托车比赛。过去20年来,为观看比赛及会见老朋友,机车骑士(摩托车骑士的通称)自西海岸各区聚集佛罗伦斯。当然啦,他们也是为了一暏漂亮的杜鹃花。


Do you know what a rhododendron looks like? It is a big bush-like plant with large and numerous flowers in shades of pink, red, purple and white.

Rhododendron is the common name for a flowering plant of the heath family, which has more than 850 species. They are native to the Himalayas, southeastern Asia, the mountains of Malaysia and the coast of the Northern Hemisphere. In Florence, Oregon, the beautiful white-pink plant begins to bloom in May, and by June the surrounding area is covered with its warm, radiant colors.

The Florence Rhododendron Festival celebrates the arrival of spring. The pioneers believed that the bloom of the rhododendrons meant that summer was around the corner and the cold and rain of winter would soon end. The festival was first held in 1908. Because modes of transportation have changed since then, the festival has changed too. To get to the festival back then many people took stagecoaches pulled by horses; a few years later, they arrived by train on the new railroad. By the 1940s automobiles were common, and that's how most people got to Florence. By 1960, automobiles were so popular that the festival began to feature a show for fancy sports cars. Another popular event was the motorcycle races. For the past 20 years, "bikers" (the casual name for motorcycle riders) have come to Florence from all over the West Coast to watch the races and see old friends. And, of course, they come to enjoy the beautiful rhododendrons.

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