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Explore the States 奥勒岗
 
Crater Lake is the deepest lake in the United States.
火口湖(Crater Lake)是美国境内最深的一座湖


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马札马火山(Mount Mazama)及火口湖(Crater Lake)
您知道奥勒岗境内有一座火山吗?另外,您知道当这座火山爆发及崩塌后,它形成了一座湖吗?

7,000年以前,马札马火山爆发、崩塌后,留下了火口湖。熔岩冷却后封住了火山底,因而形成了一个大型的碗状火山口。时间一年年的过去,火山口内填满了超过四百万兆加仑的降雨及融化的雪水,因而它也成为美国境内最深的湖泊。另外,这座湖也以其深蓝色湖水而知名。

有关于马札马火山的爆发,被发现在克拉马斯族印地安人(Klamath Indians)代代相传的故事中,他们是远古马卡拉克人(Makalak)的后裔。根据马卡拉克人的传说,山神劳(Llao)与天空之神史凯尔(Skell)之间有一场激烈战斗,当史凯尔击败劳后,原为山神居所的马札马火山,随即爆发并崩塌。

火口湖现在是国家公园,一年约吸引500,000名游客来访。


Did you know there was a volcano in Oregon? And that when it erupted and collapsed it created a lake?

Around 7,000 years ago, the volcano Mount Mazama erupted and collapsed and, as a result, formed Crater Lake. Molten lava cooled and sealed up the bottom, forming a huge bowl-shaped crater. Over the years, rainfall and melting snow have filled it with over four trillion gallons of water, making it the deepest lake in the United States. The lake is also known for its deep blue color.

Accounts of the eruption of Mount Mazama are found in stories handed down by the Klamath Indians, who are descendants of the ancient Makalak people. According to Makalak legend, there was a battle between Skell, the spirit of the sky, and Llao, the spirit of the mountain. When Skell defeated Llao, the spirit of the mountain's home, Mount Mazama, erupted and collapsed.

Crater Lake is now a national park and draws approximately 500,000 visitors a year.

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