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Explore the States 俄亥俄
 
Photo of a girl decorating Christmas Tree in the 1910 farmhouse
正在布置圣诞树的狄拉德(Kristen Dillard),1910年的农舍建筑

 

 


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历史上的索达村(Sauder Village)
地方性遗产

假如您想要进行时光旅行,回到1830年代并看看当时的殖民生活,那么您应该参观位于俄亥俄州,历史上着名的索达村。村内的人会穿上那个时期的衣服,而村内的建筑物则依当时的建筑风格修复。索达村这个主意是由当地的农村男孩索达(Erie J. Sauder)提供的,他于1934年创立了索达木工工艺公司。

索达创办这所村庄的主意是受到了他的亲戚的启发,而他的亲戚曾帮忙解决俄亥俄的大黑沼泽。虽然俄亥俄在1803年时已经成为美国境内一州,但只有少数的欧洲殖民愿意入住潮湿、树木丛生的西北荒野,又名大黑沼泽。直到1830年代,一群来自门诺宗(Mennonite)及阿曼派(Amish)的人决定要搬到该区并在此处开始他们的新生活,藉以躲避欧洲家乡的宗教迫害。多年来,这些来自门诺宗及阿曼派的人,与其他的殖民共同工作、开挖壕沟及清除树木,直至大黑沼泽枯竭并变成该州最棒的农地。

今天的索达村是一个非营利性的活的博物馆及教育复合中心,里面包含了30多栋建筑物,向来访者展示俄亥俄州于19世纪时的乡村生活11间工艺品店的工匠会示范当时的行业:玻璃吹制、制陶、纺织及编织、制作扫帚、木工工艺、制作篮子、印刷及缝制棉被。


If you want to travel back in time and see what settlers in the 1830s looked like and how they lived, then you should visit Historic Sauder Village in Ohio. Complete with people dressed in period clothing and authentically restored buildings, Sauder Village was the idea of local farm boy Erie J. Sauder, founder of the Sauder Woodworking Company in 1934.

Sauder was inspired to create this village by his relatives, who had helped settle Ohio's Great Black Swamp. Although Ohio became a state in 1803, few European settlers considered entering the damp, forested wilderness of northwestern Ohio, known as the Great Black Swamp, until the 1830s. It was then that people from the Mennonite and Amish religions decided to move to this region to start a new life away from the religious persecution in their European homeland. For years the Amish and the Mennonites, along with other settlers, worked, digging ditches and clearing away trees, until they had drained the Great Black Swamp and turned it into the state's best farmland.

Today, Sauder Village is a nonprofit living history museum and educational complex, with more than 30 buildings that show how life was in rural Ohio during the 19th century. Artisans in 11 craft shops demonstrate trades of that period: glassblowing, pottery making, spinning and weaving, broom making, woodworking, basket making, printing, and quilting.

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