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Explore the States 纽约 
 

Photo of students in period clothing receiving Certificate of Merit
学生们在依利莎小姐的夏季课程的最后一天,接受颁杰出证书(Certificate of Merit)
  1997


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只有一间教室的校舍
地方性遗产

您想体验1800年代晚期的学校生活吗?试想校内的所有学生共用一位老师及一间教室的情景。

19世纪及20世纪早期,美国境内大部分的学生都就读于只有一间教室的校舍。而校内唯一的老师则必须负责教导全部一至八年纪的学生。校内的学生人数从640人不等,有时会多过40人。最年幼的学生坐在前排,而年龄最大的学生则坐在后排;老师教授的科目通常包括阅读、写字、算术、历史及地理。学生需要记忆及背诵他们的课程内容。

校内唯一的一间教室也许看起来就像您现在的就读教室。老师的桌子也许会放在教室前端略为高出地面的讲台上。然而,因为没有其他的暖气设施,所以教室内会有一个木柴用暖炉,厠所则位在教室外的一间屋子内。

纽约的霍尼欧耶瀑布(Honeoye Falls)有一间只有一间教室的校舍,它可以让现代的小孩体验19世纪晚期的上课情景。夏季中有一个星期的时间,他们会穿上19世纪的服饰并依照100多年前的上课方式来教导课堂内的学生。

19世纪以后,学校方面还发生了那些改变?

 

Would you like to experience what going to school was like in the late 1800s? To start with, imagine everyone in school sharing only one teacher and one classroom.

In the 19th and early 20th centuries, most American students attended a one-room schoolhouse. A single teacher would typically have students in the first through eighth grades, and she taught them all. The number of students varied from six to 40 or more. The youngest children sat in the front, while the oldest students sat in the back. The teacher usually taught reading, writing, arithmetic, history, and geography. Students memorized and recited their lessons.

The classroom of a one-room schoolhouse probably looked much like your own. The teacher's desk may have been on a raised platform at the front of the room, however, and there would have been a wood-burning stove since there was no other source of heat. The bathroom would have been outside in an outhouse.

In Honeoye Falls, New York, there is a one-room schoolhouse where kids today can experience what it was like to be students in the late 19th century. For a week during the summer, they wear 19th century clothes and learn the way children learned more than a hundred years ago.

What else has changed about school since the 19th century?

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