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Photo of Montauk Point Lighthouse

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蒙托克角灯塔博物馆 (Montauk Point Lighthouse Museum)



位于纽约长岛(Long Island)上的蒙托克角灯塔已经200多岁了。它建于1796年,是该州境内最古老的灯塔。蒙托克灯塔多年来身负引导捕鲸船、渔船、汽船、潜艇及帆船的重责大任,时至今日,依然如此。这座灯塔高110多英尺,一个人必须攀爬137阶的阶梯才能到达塔顶。但蒙托克灯塔不仅仅只是一座高塔,附属的一间屋子,里面住有灯塔的看守者一家人及看守者的助手。自1987年,塔顶的灯具改为自动化后,灯塔就不再需要看守人的守护了。

You may think that lighthouses are interesting to look at, and they are. But they also serve a very useful purpose.

Lighthouses guide ships sailing near a coast. They are built in different kinds of places: important locations on a coast, harbor entrances, islands, rocky ledges or reefs, and even in the water. They project strong beacons of light at night so ships can see them. Lighthouses help ships identify their locations, warn them of danger, and serve as a marker of nearby land.

The Montauk Point Lighthouse on Long Island, New York, is more than 200 years old. Built in 1796, it is the oldest lighthouse in the state. It has guided whaling ships, fishing boats, steamships, submarines, and sailboats for many years and continues to do so today. The tower is more than 110 feet tall, and a person has to climb 137 steps to get to the top. But the Montauk Point Lighthouse is not just a tower. Attached to it is a house in which the lighthouse keeper lived with his family and assistants. Since the light on top of the tower was automated in 1987, the lighthouse no longer needs a keeper.

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