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Photo of the Amoskeag Millyard
阿莫斯克亚格工厂及梅里马克河(Merrimack River),摄于新罕布夏历史小径上(New Hampshire Heritage Trail)

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阿莫斯克亚格(Amoskeag)工厂
地方性遗产

什么是「公司镇」(company town)?假使您不确定,位于曼彻斯特市的阿莫斯克亚格制造公司(Amoskeag Manufacturing Company)将是一个很好的例子。

20世纪初,阿莫斯克亚格制造公司是世上最大的棉布制造商。它雇用了镇上大部分的居民,因而拥有左右镇上事务的力量,甚至在进行市镇规划时,它也扮演了一个举足轻重的角色。假如没有取得阿莫斯克亚格公司的许可,则任何一家制造公司都别想在新罕布夏州立厂,因为它拥有大部分的工业用地。

一开始,阿莫斯克亚格的工厂内只有年轻的女性工作者。但内战过后,它也开始雇用男性及许多的外来移民。这个工厂为这个城市带来了巨大的财富,但这个兴隆的景气并没有持续不断。

第一次世界大战后,许多纺织工厂都座落在南方,因靠近棉花田,且工资较为低廉。到最后,阿莫斯克亚格公司为了避免倒闭,只好跟着降低工资,但却引发了1922年的罢工事件。公司重新开业后,势力已不如以前那般强大1935年,它终于正式退出营业并为该镇及镇上居民带来了经济的灾难。


What's a "company town"? In case you're not sure, the story of the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company in Manchester, New Hampshire, is a good example of one.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company was the largest maker of cotton cloth in the world. It employed most of the town's people and became so powerful that it even played a big role in city planning. No other manufacturing companies could think about locating in New Hampshire without Amoskeag's permission, because it owned most of the land available for industry.

At first, only young women worked at the Amoskeag mills. After the Civil War, men were also hired, as were many immigrants. The mill brought great prosperity to the city. But that prosperity did not last forever.

After the First World War, many textile mills were located in the South, which was closer to the cotton farms and where wages were lower. Eventually, the Amoskeag Company had to lower wages to stay in business, causing the workers to strike in 1922. The company reopened, but it was not as strong as before. In 1935, it closed forever, bringing economic disaster to the town and its people.

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