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Explore the States 蒙大拿
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蒙大拿廸克郡(Dixon)的牛仔霍华摩斯 (Howard Moss) ,19997

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耕作及牧场的历史:圣伊格内修斯高中 (St. Ignatius High School) 的地方文化研究

蒙大拿的任务山谷 (Mission Valley) 有个问题,它的农夫正在流失中。任务山谷仍继续经营着牛奶及乳制品农场、马铃薯和谷物耕作、牧牛、牧马及猪只饲养,但是短少1001,000英亩的农场和牧场。大的农场被区分成10-40-英亩的小型牧场 (ranchettes) ,以出售给来自附近州的城市人。他们希望藉此逃离城市生活的吵噪和交通,但却没有地方常规的根基。长时间的当地农夫和牧场经营者担心这些新手将会使保存当地原有文化及常规的任务更为艰钜。

来自圣伊格内修斯高中的五位学生决定帮助农夫。学生们收集与任务山谷的文化、牧场、农场有关故事、历史文档、艺术和地质信息。他们也记录了「口述历史」 (oral histories) -- 由市民陈述的故事。学生的老师在上历史课时,使用了他们收集的资料。老师将上述资料视为「第一手信息」,因为书上查不到他们说的故事。不只是学生更为了解他们的地方性遗产,农夫及牧场经营者也发现了一个传承重要常规的方法。

There is a problem in Mission Valley, Montana. It's losing its farmers. Dairy farming, potato and grain farming, cattle ranching, horse ranching and hog raising are still occurring in Mission Valley, but there are fewer farms and ranches of 100 to 1,000 acres. The big farms are being divided into smaller 10- to 40-acre "ranchettes" that are being sold to people from cities of nearby states. They come to escape the noise and traffic of city life but have no roots in the local traditions. The longtime local farmers and ranchers are worried that the newcomers will make it more difficult to preserve the area's native culture and traditions.

Five students from St. Ignatius High School helped the farmers. The students collected stories, historical documents, art and geological information about the farms, ranches and culture of Mission Valley. They also recorded "oral histories" -- stories told by the citizens. The students' teacher used the materials they had collected in history class. Teachers refer to materials such as these as "primary sources," because they tell a story you won't find in a book. Not only have the students learned about their local heritage, but also the farmers and ranchers have found a way to pass on the traditions that are important to them.

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