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Explore the States 明尼苏达
 
Photo of Banner load, Blackduck, Minnesota 1909.
由马儿负责拖拉的木材重担
明尼苏达州,
20世纪早期
 

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明尼苏达州的伐木业
想想看,您能在火车的货运车厢内,放入多少木材。然后,再想想看,您需要多少圆木,才能装满240,000台车子。那真是为数众多的车子,但那只是1905年一年,驶离明尼苏达州,车上装满圆木的车数。

从历史的角度来看,伐木业是明尼苏达州经济上的重要一环。明尼苏达州大片针叶树森林的采伐一直持续到20世纪的最初数十年,木材产量在1905年时达到最高峰。事实上,单1905年一年,明尼苏达州就锯下了数量非常庞大的木材,约可装满240,000节货运车厢!从18901910年的全盛时期,明尼苏达州境内的木材公司采伐了价值达十亿美元的木材。

每年冬季,伐木工会在林区内设立营地。而这些伐木工都是由相当贫穷且没有工作技能的工人所组成,其中有许多人是新进移民,刚自北欧迁徙过来,几乎无法唯生。工人们的薪资所得低,并且在危险的工作环境下,长时间的辛苦工作。

技术的进步改变了伐木业并使其工业化马匹被小型牵引机所替换,伐木工开始使用汽油驱动的链锯而木材则被送至密西西比河、雨河(Rainy)及圣路易斯河河畔的纸浆工厂到了1970年代,已经完成了农业工业的工业化。

 
Think about how much wood you could fit into a train's freight car. Imagine how many wood logs you would need to fill up 240,000 cars. That's a lot of cars, but that's just how many were filled in Minnesota in 1905.

Historically, logging has been an important part of Minnesota's economy. Clearing the massive conifer forests of Minnesota continued into the first decades of the 20th century, when production peaked in 1905. In fact, so much lumber was sawed in the state that year that it would have filled about 240,000 freight cars! During the boom period of 1890 to 1910, lumber companies harvested lumber valued at $1 billion in Minnesota.

Each winter season, logging crews set up camps in the forest areas. The crews were made up of relatively poor and unskilled workers. Many of them were recent immigrants from northern Europe who were barely making a living. Workers received low wages and toiled long hours under dangerous conditions.

Technological advances changed and industrialized logging. Horses were replaced with small tractors, and loggers began to use gasoline-powered chain saws. Lumber was sent to paper mills that were built along the Mississippi, Rainy, and St. Louis rivers. By the 1970s, the industrialization of an agricultural industry was complete.

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