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Photo of dancers during Grand Rapids Festival
在考尔德舞台(Calder Stage)上表演的太平洋小岛舞者(Pacific Island Dancer)1999

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艺术节:美国第一大全为自愿者(All-Volunteer)艺术节
地方性遗产

一件作品如何创造出一件庞然大物?简单,只要它能激发全市来共同举办一个大型的艺术节即可。这是发生在密西根州的大湍城的真实事件,它的城中广场放有一个巨型的雕刻作品。

1969年,一种称做stabile (固定雕塑。念做stay-beal)的静物抽象雕像被安置在城中的市政厅前,它是由二十世纪的美国艺术家考尔德(Alexander Calder)所创。考尔德的固定雕塑是将呈曲线形状的平面金属焊接在一起,而且常被漆为红色或黑色。他的固定雕塑是一件充满游戏感及富于想像的创造品,放置在公园及购物中心内,看来十分的抢眼。自雕像被安置在市政厅以后,大湍城的居民就开始想他们需要举办一场艺术节,来欢庆考尔德的作品。更重要的是,他们需要一场艺术节庆来庆祝西密西根的艺术。

所以,1970年时,艺术节正式诞生。这个连续三天的艺术节始于六月的第一个周末在大湍城的市中心举行。吸引了数以千计的艺术家前来参加。节庆从一开始的几家货摊及食物小贩演变成美国境内最大的全自愿者艺术节,约有超过20,000名的自愿者及500,000多名游客前来参加。它的场面是如此的浩大,几乎扩及所有的城镇。这真是一个巨大的节庆!

 
How can a piece of art create a monster? Easy, it can inspire an entire city to hold a huge arts festival. It happened in Grand Rapids, Michigan, when a gigantic piece of sculpture was installed on a downtown plaza.

In 1969, a type of stationary abstract sculpture, called a stabile (pronounced stay-beal), was installed downtown in front of City Hall. Twentieth century American artist Alexander Calder created it. Calder's stabiles are constructed of flat curving shapes of metal welded together and usually painted red or black. His stabiles are playful, fanciful creations that look great in parks and plazas. Once the sculpture was in place, the people of Grand Rapids started thinking that they needed an arts festival to celebrate Calder's work. More important, they needed an arts festival to celebrate the arts in West Michigan.

So, in 1970, Festival was born. This three-day arts celebration, held the first full weekend in June in downtown Grand Rapids, attracts thousands of participating artists. Festival has grown from a few booths and food stalls into the nation's largest all-volunteer arts festival, with more than 20,000 volunteers and more than 500,000 people attending. It has grown so large that it is spread out over almost all of downtown - that's a monster of a festival!

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