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Explore the States 缅因
 
Boats in the harbor in Portland, Maine
缅因州波特兰市的港口

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缅因州波特兰市的港口
您知道美国境内,离欧洲最近的港市在那一州吗?是的,就在缅因州。

缅因州的海岸线总长3,500哩,由沙滩、半岛、岛屿、海湾、小湾及港口构成。波特兰港口是缅因州沿海的众多港口之一。波特兰市建在两个陡峭的半岛上,俯瞰卡斯科湾,而波特兰港口则是18世纪时,主要的造船及桅杆建造中心。到了1806年,波特兰是国内的第六大港口。它的兴盛也让它在1812年战争及内战时,成为英军及邦联军队攻击的目标。另外,第一次世界大战时,波特兰也是德国潜艇或U-boats的攻击目标。而在第二次世界大战时,它被列为美国境内最重要的港口,因为它离欧洲最近。卡斯科湾的海岸线及岛屿上,布满了大炮碉堡,随时准备对来袭的潜艇发动攻击。有些渔夫及潜水夫宣称,卡斯科湾内的某处有德国潜艇U-boat的残骸。



Would you ever guess that the closest U.S. port city to Europe is in Maine? Well, it is.

The coastline of Maine totals about 3,500 miles and consists of sandy beaches, peninsulas, islands, inlets, bays, coves and harbors. Portland Harbor is one of many harbors on the Maine coast. The city was built on two hilly peninsulas overlooking Casco Bay. The harbor became a major shipbuilding and mast building center in the 18th century. By 1806, Portland ranked as the sixth largest port in the country. Its success made it a target for attack by the British during the War of 1812 and by the Confederates during the Civil War. Portland was also a target for German U-boats, or submarines, during World War I. It was rated the most important harbor in the continental U.S. during World War II, since it was the closest one to Europe. The coastline and islands of Casco Bay were ringed with artillery bunkers on the alert for submarines. Some fishermen and divers claim that there are sunken German U-boats somewhere in Casco Bay.

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