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1938年,刚升上二年级的塔科马帕克小学的学生,正准备面对开学的第一天


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历史上着名的塔科马帕克(Takoma Park)及塔科马帕克小学
地方性遗产

您也许认识一两位在城市工作但并不住在市内的人。就现代的社会而言,这是一件普遍的事情。但在多数人拥有汽车及多数城市设有公车系统前,人们的居处必须离工作地点越近越好。

1800年代晚期,当铁路从城市延伸到偏远地区后,所有的一切也随之改变,因为铁路让人们可以住在此处,但却在另一处工作。人们会在城市内工作,并在一天退出后,搭乘火车回到他们较为安静,人口密度也较低的郊区家中。另外,郊区的住宅价格也较为低廉。

1883年成立的塔科马帕克是美国首府华盛顿特区的「铁路郊区」(railroad suburb)。现今许多人不搭乘火车,他们会驾驶汽车往返于郊区家中及城市的工作地点间,但仍有一大部分的人会依赖大众运输系统通勤。今日,数以千计的塔科马帕克居民会搭乘电车(铁路的一种)通勤至华盛顿。所以创建已逾百年的塔科马帕克,仍被视为一个铁路郊区。


You probably know someone who works in a city but doesn't live there. Today that's common. But before most people owned cars and most cities had bus systems, people needed to live as close to work as possible.

That all changed in the late 1800s, when railroads were built from cities to outlying areas, allowing people to work in one place and live in another. People would work in the city and, at the end of the day, take the train to their homes in the suburbs, where it was quieter and less crowded. The suburbs also often offered cheaper housing.

Takoma Park, Maryland, began in 1883 as a "railroad suburb" of Washington, D.C., our nation's capital. Nowadays, many people commute from their homes in the suburbs to their jobs in the cities in cars rather than trains, but lots of people still rely on public transportation. Today, thousands of Takoma Park residents commute to Washington using the subway, which is a kind of railroad. So, more than 100 years after its founding, Takoma Park is still considered a railroad suburb.

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