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位于东海岸(Eastern Seaboard)中央位置的马里兰是联邦(1788)刚成立时的最初13州之一。据称马里兰此名是由1632年时,收到这片土地的特许状的巴尔地摩(Lord Baltimore)阁下所命,旨在纪念英王查理一世(King Charles I)之妻玛丽亚皇后(Queen Henrietta Maria)1760年代时,为解决宾州及卡尔维特(Calvert)家庭之间的纷争所设下的梅逊狄克逊分界线(Mason and Dixon line)除了是宾州及马里兰之间的边界外,也是常规的南北分界线。 又名「自由之州」(Free State)的马里兰,其州花是黑眼苏珊花,而首府是亚那波里(Annapolis),即美国海军官校(U.S. Naval Academy)的所在地。


One of the original 13 states to join the Union (in 1788), Maryland is in the middle of the Eastern Seaboard. It's believed that Lord Baltimore, who received a charter for the land in 1632, named the state after Queen Henrietta Maria, wife of King Charles I. The Mason and Dixon line was drawn in the 1760s to settle a dispute between the Penn and Calvert families. In addition to marking the boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland, it is the traditional boundary between the North and the South. Maryland is known as the "Free State"; its flower is the black-eyed susan; and its capital is Annapolis, home of the U.S. Naval Academy.


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