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Explore the States 路易斯安那
 
Photo of a Creole accordionist, 1971
克里奥尔人的手风琴手:阿团(Alphonse "Bois Sec" Ardoin)
1971


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路易斯安那州的法式音乐:阿卡迪亚人的心灵音乐
地方性遗产

路易斯安那州的法式音乐融合了许多影响。法国天主教徒的后裔是卡津人(Cajuns)1600年代时,他们定居在加拿大现在的新斯科细亚省(Nova Scotia:当时,新斯科细亚省名叫阿卡迪亚Acadia)。这些阿卡迪亚人带着他们的法式民族音乐与他们同行,大部分的音乐都是民谣及他们热爱的器乐舞曲。他们最爱的乐器是小提琴,因为它的乐音响亮,能够盖过舞者的曳步脚步声。

1750年代时,英国接管了阿卡迪亚,而阿卡迪亚人则被迫离家。许多人逃到路易斯安那州,当时的路易斯安那州已经住有许多讲法语的人。这些自加拿大的人又名卡津人(假如您将阿字去掉并快念卡迪亚,则它听起来就像卡津)。他们以农业、诱捕野兽及捕鱼维生,且常常住在孤立的沼泽区。而他们的音乐则受到新邻居的影响,如:西班牙人、德国人、非洲人、凯尔特人、美国原住民及加勒比人,这些人也将的路易斯安那州当作他们的家。到了1920年代,手风琴广为流传,而卡津及克里奥尔(Creole)音乐也常使用这个乐器来演奏,因为它的声音响亮、容易听到。

时至今日,卡津音乐不只深受路易斯安那州的居民喜爱,也受到全国民众的喜爱 。卡津音乐是美国人的特有音乐,因为美国是世上少数拥有多种民族的国家之一。由于融合了不同的民族,致使我们的国家文化会如此生动有趣。


Louisiana French music is a blend of many influences. Cajuns are descendants of French Catholics who settled in what is now Nova Scotia, Canada, in the 1600s (during this time, Nova Scotia was called Acadia). These Acadians brought their French folk music with them, mostly ballads and instrumental music for dancing, which they loved to do. Their favorite instrument was the fiddle because it was loud enough to be heard over dancers' shuffling feet.

In the 1750s, the British took over Acadia, and the Acadians were forced to leave. Many escaped to Louisiana, where other French-speaking people already lived. The people from Canada were known as "Cajuns" (if you leave off the "A" in Acadian, and say "Cadian" rapidly, it sounds like "Cajun"). The Cajuns took up farming, trapping, and fishing, often living in isolated swamp areas. Their music was influenced by their new Spanish, German, African, Celtic, Native American, and Caribbean neighbors, who also made Louisiana their home. By the 1920s, accordions became popular, and they were also used in Cajun and Creole music because they were loud and could be easily heard.

Today, Cajun music is popular not only in Louisiana but also nationwide. Cajun music is distinctively American because America is one of the few places in the world where so many people of different heritages settled. This mix of people is what makes our nation's culture so interesting.

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