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Image of Poverty Point site layout
波弗蒂角(Poverty Point)的修复工程图:遗址布局图

 


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路易斯安那州内的印地安人:波弗蒂角(Poverty Point)遗址
地方性遗产

为什么有人要建造7哩长的土冢呢?

就路易斯安那州东北角的波弗蒂角一例而言,没有人知道确切原因。在某些州内(如俄亥俄州),美国原住民建造土冢来做为墓地。考古学家怀疑波弗蒂角的土冢是印地安人的住所,但他们无法证实。波弗蒂角地区的原住民文化可回溯至约4,000年前,而这些土冢则建于西元前13501800年间。

这六个巨大的半圆土冢以牛眼形状排列,几乎有四分之三英里宽。假如您将这六个土冢一个接一个的排列成一直线,则此直线可达7哩长。考古学家相信,由土冢围成、面积达37英亩大的中央广场也许是用来举行宗教及其他公开仪式的场所。

虽然考古学家尚未在此处发现任何远古居民的服饰,但他们已经查找了珠宝而且珠宝的差异(由简单到精巧)也显示出社会地位在波弗蒂角社会中扮演了一个相当重要的角色。总体而言,波弗蒂角证明了远古美国人已经具备高度发展的群体生活但即使如此,这并不能帮忙解决这些神秘土冢到底是用来做什么的谜团。您有什么不同的想法吗?


Why would anyone build mounds of earth 7 miles long?

In the case of Poverty Point, in northeastern Louisiana, no one knows for sure. In some states, like Ohio, Native American people built mounds as burial places. Archaeologists suspect that the mounds at Poverty Point served as sites for dwellings, but they are not certain. Native American culture in the Poverty Point area began almost 4,000 years ago, and the mounds were built between 1350 and 1800 B.C.

The mounds are six giant half-circles in the shape of a bull's-eye, almost three-fourths of a mile wide. If you straightened out the six mounds and laid them out end-to-end, they would stretch for 7 miles. Archaeologists believe the 37-acre central plaza formed by the mounds may have been used for religious and other public ceremonies.

Although archaeologists have not found any articles of clothing from these ancient people, they have found jewelry. The great variety of this jewelry, from simple to elaborate, indicates that social status was important in the Poverty Point community. Overall, Poverty Point presents evidence that ancient Americans lived in sophisticated communities. Even so, this does not help to solve the mystery of exactly what these mounds were. Do you have any other ideas?

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