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Explore the States 路易斯安那
 
Photo of Cajun musicians, 1938
「联邦农业安全局」(Farm Security Administration)的摄影师罗素李(Russell Lee)所记录下来的卡津(Cajun)及克里奥尔(Creole)文化,1938


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路易斯安那州的民俗艺术节
地方性遗产

路易斯安那州拥有多种文化、民族及种族常规,包括卡津人及克里奥尔人。您知道卡津人源自何处吗?路易斯安那州的卡津人是加拿大境内法语区的阿卡迪亚人的后裔。阿卡迪亚是加拿大新斯科细亚省的早期名称。而1755年时,因法国失去它的殖民权,所以阿卡迪亚人就被驱离该处。克里奥尔人则是法国或西班牙及非洲后裔的子孙。

每年九月,只要前往路易斯安那州门罗(Monroe)的民俗艺术节,游客即可观看各式各样的路易斯安那常规工艺、倾听音乐及故事讲述、观赏舞蹈表演及品尝当地的食物,现场甚至有专供孩童表演的儿童舞台(Kids Stage)

因为路易斯安那州临近墨西哥湾(Gulf of Mexico),可轻松取得海鲜。因而庆祝活动中可品尝到许多原住民、里奥尔人、卡津人或非裔美国人的海鲜菜肴。除了地利之便,历史也在路易斯安那州的食物中扮演了一个举足轻重的角色现在的路易斯安那州曾为法国、西班牙及大不列颠的领土,而且曾是一个短暂的独立国家!您曾吃过像浓汤、什锦饭或小龙虾烩饭如此香辣、美味的海鲜菜肴吗?假如有机会参加此一盛会,千万记得要去试吃!


Louisiana has a heritage of many cultures, nationalities and ethnic groups, including Cajuns and Creoles. Do you know where Cajuns came from? The Cajuns in Louisiana are descendants of the French-speaking Acadians of Canada. Acadia is an early name for the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. The Acadians were expelled after the French lost the colony in 1755. A Creole is a person of mixed French or Spanish and African descent.

In Monroe, Louisiana, each September, visitors can see all kinds of traditional Louisiana crafts, hear music and storytelling, watch dancing and try local foods at the Louisiana Folklife Festival. There's even a Kids Stage, where young people perform.

Because of Louisiana's location by the Gulf of Mexico, seafood is easily available. Seafood is used in many of the dishes that can be sampled at the Festival, whether cooked in a Native American, Creole, Cajun, or African American style. In addition to location, history has played a big role in the foods of Louisiana. The state that is now Louisiana has been a territory of France, Spain, and Great Britain, and was even briefly an independent country! Have you ever eaten such spicy, delicious seafood creations as gumbo, jambalaya or crawfish boil? If you have the opportunity, try some!

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