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Photo of Chief Charles Little Coyote on horseback carrying an American flag

别号小狼(Little Coyote)的查理斯酋长和平条款游行


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梅迪辛洛奇和平条款
地方性遗产

「美国政府渴望和平,而且它用它的荣誉保证,誓必维护此地和平;印地安人渴望和平,现在他们也以荣誉宣誓,会维持和平。」

这是1867年梅迪辛洛其和平条款内的部分文字(the Medicine Lodge Peace Treaty of 1867)。签署者是美国政府及五个大平原印地安部落:夏安族、阿拉帕荷族、凯欧瓦族、阿帕奇族及卡曼其族,这些族群分布在堪萨斯南部的梅迪辛洛奇市。

大平原印地安人定居在梅迪辛洛其,对他们来说,这是一个圣地。这些不同部落的印地安人,和平共用一个位于河岸旁的棚屋,他们相信这地拥有治愈病者的力量。这个条款允许当地的白人移民,修筑铁路及整建堪萨斯州的南部边境。

时至今日,为庆祝此条款的签定,每隔三年就会举办一个生动的户外露天剧,剧中会重演导致签署此条款的事件,演出地点就是堪萨斯大草原上,梅迪辛河及Elm Creek交会处,也就是现在的和平纪念公园。庆祝活动也包括了一场跨部落的祈祷仪式,以美国原住民舞蹈比赛、工艺品及小吃摊作为号召;所有的部落皆可参加此一祈祷仪式,仪式会特别表彰当时签订和平条款的五个印地安部落。


"The government of the United States desires peace, and its honor is here pledged to keep it. The Indians desire peace and they now pledge their honor to maintain it."

Those words were part of the Medicine Lodge Peace Treaty of 1867. That treaty was drawn between the U.S. government and the five tribes of Plains Indians -- the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Kiowa, Apache, and Comanche in the city of Medicine Lodge in southern Kansas.

The Plains Indians had settled in Medicine Lodge, which, for them, was a sacred area. The different tribes of Indians peacefully shared a "lodge" on the banks of the river, which they believed had the power to cure ills. This treaty allowed for white settlements in the area, opened it up to railroads, and fixed the southern boundary of Kansas.

Today, the treaty is celebrated every three years with a colorful outdoor pageant re-enacting the events that led to the signing at the place where the Medicine River and Elm Creek meet on the Kansas prairie, now designated Memorial Peace Park. Events also include an Intertribal Powwow featuring Native American dance competitions, crafts, and food booths. The powwow is open to all tribes, with special recognition given to the five Indian tribes that signed the treaty.

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