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Photo of Elwood Haynes in his first car
坐在自创的首部汽车上的海恩斯1894

 


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爱伍德海恩斯(Elwood Haynes)
地方性遗产

您听过海恩斯这个名字吗?那么,也许您曾听过他发明的一些物品,如:不銹钢、恒温器及无马马车。

1852年时,生于印地安纳州波特兰的海恩斯是美国最早的汽车制造家之一,他成功的发明了第一部使用汽油发动的汽车。另外,他也发明了不锈钢、家用恒温器及其他许许多多的物品。当海恩斯还是个小男孩时,他就对事物的运作方式感到好奇。当他12岁时,他就已经开始阅读他姐姐的大学化学课本,等他15岁时,他就能够进行合金实验,即由两种以上原素所合成的金属物质。

1886年时,海恩斯的家乡发现了天然气的踪迹。发现天然气后,海恩斯组织了一家公司,专门用来天然气供给镇上的居民使用。1893年,他买下了一个汽油发动的引擎,并以此设计了一个「无马马车」或汽车。然后,海恩斯接着又发明了消音器及各种不同的金属合金。明确来说,他发明了钨铬钢,它可能是海恩斯最重要的发明品。这种金属合金,是后来所发展的一系列的太空时代合金的第一步。

您对科学及科学实验有兴趣吗?也许下一个海恩斯就是您。


Have you ever heard of Elwood Haynes? Well, maybe you have heard of some of his inventions: stainless steel, the thermostat, and the horseless carriage.

Born in Portland, Indiana, in 1852, Elwood Haynes invented one of the first successful gasoline-powered automobiles. He also invented stainless steel, the thermostat used in houses, and many other items. As a young boy, Haynes was curious about how things worked. When he was 12 he read his sister's college chemistry book, and by 15 he was experimenting with alloys, metallic substances made of two or more elements.

In 1886, natural gas was found in Haynes's hometown. After this discovery he organized a company to supply it to the town. In 1893, he purchased a gasoline-powered engine and designed a "horseless carriage," or auto. Haynes then went on to invent the muffler and different metal alloys. Specifically, he invented stellite alloy, which may be his most important invention. This metal alloy was the first step in the development of a series of space-age alloys.

Are you interested in science and scientific experiments? Maybe you could be the next Elwood Haynes.

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