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Explore the States 夏威夷
A man surfing in Hawaii

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冲浪被视为现代美国的流行文化,但实际上,几世纪前,太平洋上的玻里尼西亚人早就开始发展此项运动。直到八世纪时,冲浪才被引进夏威夷。夏威夷境内的Petroglyphs (岩石画)画有早期的夏威夷人骑在浪头上的图样。最先将冲浪述诸文字的是英国探险家库克船长,他在穿越太平洋的旅程记录内曾提过冲浪这项活动。即使是早期的夏威夷国王及皇后也曾参与过这项运动。美国作家马克吐温杰克伦敦都曾尝试过冲浪,而生于夏威夷的卡哈那莫库公爵(Duke Kahanamoku)则是1912年的奥林匹克游泳金牌得主。他最为人所知的一点是,20世纪的冲浪风潮是由他带起的。

Did you know that in Hawaii's early days, when it was ruled by royalty, even kings and queens surfed?

Surfing is considered part of modern American pop culture, but the sport actually developed centuries ago in Polynesia in the Pacific Ocean. It was later brought to Hawaii in the eighth century. Petroglyphs (rock paintings) have been found in Hawaii that show early Hawaiians riding the waves. British explorer Captain James Cook made the first mention of surfing in print in his account of his journey through the Pacific Ocean. Even the early kings and queens of Hawaii participated in the sport. American writers Mark Twain and Jack London are known to have tried surfing. Duke Kahanamoku, who was born in Hawaii, was a gold medalist in swimming at the 1912 Olympic Games. He is commonly credited with the rise in popularity of surfing in the 20th century.

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