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Explore the States 夏威夷
 
Photo of Tin Yau Yee honoring his ancestors by laying out foods on an ancestral grave
李先生(Tin Yau Yee)将食物放在祖先墓前以祭拜他的祖先,19944

 


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夏威夷的清明节
地方性遗产

您如何缅怀您的祖先?假如您是中国人,您也许会庆祝清明节。

3,000年前,世界各地的中国家庭仍举行清明祭祖仪式。清代表纯洁或未受污染,而明则代表光亮。将这两个字连起来并应用在中国常规里,就有助于解释为什么尊敬长者在中国文化中占了极为重要的一部分。许多中国人相信个人的好运或不幸源自于他/她的祖先,而这些已经逝世的祖先仍像在世时一样,拥有一些物质上的需求,因而这些已经辞世的祖先能帮助他们活在世上的后代子孙。

现在每44日,夏威夷就会举行清明节活动,内容则包括了清理、修复祖先的墓地并在其周围种植新树。夏威夷境内所举办的清明节较美国其他各州更为明显。祭典仪式包括了准备用来做为阳世贡品的食物,祭拜者会将这些食物放在坟墓前祭拜。这些食物可能包含了水果、米饭、鸡肉、猪肉、蛋糕及茶。而前来祭拜的人则会在墓地进餐,此一行为是与逝者共食的象征。其他的习俗还包括了焚香、祈祷及焚烧象征性的纸钱。清明节并不一定代表了哀伤,它比较像是一个反省、怀念及与祖先交流的日子。


How do you honor your ancestors? If you were Chinese, you might celebrate Ching Ming.

Dating back 3,000 years, the practice of Ching Ming is still observed worldwide by Chinese families. Ching means "pure" or "clean"; ming means "brightness." The words together are applied to a Chinese tradition that helps explain why respect for elders is such an important part of the Chinese culture. Many Chinese believe that a person's good fortune or misfortune comes from his or her ancestors; that all departed ancestors still have the same physical needs they had when alive; and that the departed can assist their relatives on Earth.

Today, Ching Ming is celebrated every April 4 in Hawaii and involves the cleaning, repairing and replanting of ancestral gravesites. In Hawaii, the practice has a stronger presence than in other parts of the United States. Ceremonies involve preparing foods as a symbol of earthly possessions and laying them out on the grave. These foods may include fruit, rice, chicken, pork, cakes and tea. A meal may be eaten at the gravesite as a gesture of sharing with deceased relatives. Other customs include burning incense, offering prayers and burning symbolic paper. It is not necessarily a time of sadness, but one of reflection, remembrance and communion with past generations.

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