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Explore the States 夏威夷
 
Photo of canoes with sails along shoreline
19955月欧胡岛(Oahu)的谷兰尼(Kualoa) 独木舟聚会中的两艘独木舟"Mo'olele, Hawai'iloa" 及"Hokule'a"

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夏威夷独木舟
地方性遗产

您搭过独木舟吗?您能想像搭乘独木舟穿越海洋的情景吗?18世纪的库克船长(Captain James Cook)曾问道:「我们要如何管理这个由广布在太平洋各处的小岛所组成的国家?」他对玻里尼西亚人特别感到疑惑。这些玻里尼西亚人是如何到达散布在海洋各区的小岛上的呢?也许答案就在这些夏威夷独木舟内。

对早期的夏威夷居民来说,独木舟有好几项功能。您要猜猜看这些功能是什么吗?小型独木舟可用来做为岛与岛之间的运输工具,而大型独木舟则适合用来进行长途旅行及打仗用。另外也可利用独木舟进行捕鱼工作。还有,就像现代的独木舟一般,它也可视做一项运动项目及娱乐活动。

夏威夷独木舟是由相思木炭(acacia koa)制成,但这种树现在已极为罕见。过去的独木舟是由大师级工匠负责制造,小至挑选木材,大至下水典礼,都由大师全权监制及参与,而捆绑或包扎木材时,则使用椰子或蔬菜纤维


Have you ever been in a canoe? Can you imagine traveling across the ocean in one? When Captain James Cook asked, "How shall we account for this nation having spread itself to so many detached islands so widely disjoined from each other in every quarter of the Pacific Ocean?" as early as the 18th century, he was wondering specifically about the Polynesian people. How did they get to so many islands spread so far apart? Perhaps the answer lies in the Hawaiian canoe.

Canoes served several purposes for early Hawaiians. Can you guess what some of them might be? Smaller canoes were used for traveling around the islands, while larger canoes were used for long-distance traveling or warfare. Fishing was also done from canoes. And, just like today, canoes were used for sports and recreation.

Hawaiian canoes were made of acacia koa, a tree that is now very scarce. Canoes were historically built by master craftsmen who oversaw all aspects of the process, from selecting the trees to getting the boat into the water. Lashing, or binding, of the pieces of wood was done with coconut or vegetable fiber.

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