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A room filled with early American furniture and decorative art in the Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum
享利法兰西丝杜邦温特图尔博物馆内,一个充斥早期美国家俱及装潢艺术的房间

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特拉华州的美国艺术

您也许听过杜邦公司
,一间由杜邦家族所创立的公司;但您知道那间由这个家族成员所兴建的博物馆吗?

享利法兰西丝杜邦
(Henry Francis du Pont1880-1969)是特拉华州的杜邦公司继承人,他是首批大量收集,美国装 置艺术物品的收藏者之一,这些物品包括了家俱、织物、画作及其他由美国在16401840年间,所制造的用品。相较于欧洲 的家俱及家庭用品,美国的家俱及家庭用品被视为次级品;但杜邦掀起了一股欣赏美国装置艺术物品的新风潮,他在位于特拉华州维明顿市外的自家土地上,兴建了一个专门用来展示这些物品的传奇展示会场;1951年开始开放大众入内参观,名叫享利法兰西丝杜邦温特图尔博物馆(Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur (念做winter-tour) Museum)

杜邦将他的收集品,分列在
175间「时光房」内,每一间房间内的美国古董及装潢物品,都依照某特定主题或早期的美国历史时期摆放、布置,举个例子来说明,杜邦用餐室内的家俱可回溯至18世纪晚期及19世纪早期。因为当时正好是美利坚联合国刚成立的时候,所以房间内充斥着爱国题材,另一个例子就是中国风起居室,这个房间的装潢,反映出18世纪时,美国人对亚洲文化的迷恋。杜邦相信,他可以通过这些时光室里的家俱及其他的装潢物品,来陈述早期的美国故事。


You have probably heard of the DuPont Company, which was founded by a family of the same name. But do you know about the museum that one of the family members began?

Henry Francis du Pont (1880-1969) was an heir to Delaware's DuPont Company fortune. He was one of the first serious collectors of American decorative art objects --furniture, textiles, paintings, and other objects made in the United States between 1640 and 1840. American furniture and household objects had been considered inferior to those from Europe. But du Pont helped develop a new appreciation for American decorative arts. He created a legendary showplace for these objects on his family's estate just outside of Wilmington, Delaware. In 1951 it was opened to the public as the Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur (pronounced winter-tour) Museum.

Du Pont assembled objects from his collection into 175 "period rooms," each with examples of American antiques and decorative arts that followed a certain theme or period in early American history. For example, the du Pont Dining Room has furniture dating from the late 18th and early 19th centuries. And, because this was the time when the United States became a new nation, there is a patriotic theme in the room. Another example is the Chinese Parlor, which has furnishings that reflect Americans' fascination with Asian culture during the 18th century. In these period rooms du Pont believed he could tell the story of the early United States through furniture and other decorative arts.

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