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别号「金州」(Golden State)的加州是美国面积第三大的州,仅次于阿拉斯加及德州。1849年时,在当地发现的金矿造成数以千计为找寻此一珍贵金属的「四十九矿工」 (forty-niners)移入,此一热潮也促使加州获得联邦认可,并且在1850年时成为美国第31州。时至今日,到处都是巨大红杉木的加州,是美国境内人口最多的一州,它也是美国的主要农业州。加州境内的好莱坞 (Hollywood)是美国电影及电视业的中心,它的首府是沙加缅度 (Sacramento),而它的州花是金罂粟花。


Nicknamed the "Golden State," California is the third largest state in area after Alaska and Texas. The discovery of gold and the immigration in 1849 of thousands of "forty-niners" in search of the precious metal helped California's admission into the Union in 1850. Today, California, land of the giant redwoods, has the highest population of any state in the nation and is America's principal agricultural state. It is also the home of Hollywood, the center of America's movie and television industry. Its capital is Sacramento and the state flower is the golden poppy.


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