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A history class at the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama in 1902

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阿拉巴马州塔斯基吉大学 (Tuskegee University)


塔斯基吉师范暨工业技术学院 (Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute) 成立于1881年,创办人为教育学家及曾身为奴隶的华盛顿 (Booker T. Washington) ,其为美国境内最具影响力的非裔美国人领袖。此一机构为塔斯基吉大学的前身。一开始,这 所学校领有阿拉巴马州颁发的执照,专门用来训练非裔美国人教学、农业及工业贸易等相关知识。

着名的植物学家喀威尔 (George Washington Carver) 应华盛顿的邀约,于1896年来到塔斯基吉, 成为农业系的系主任 。喀威尔也在此处发展出为避免土壤养份流失的农作物轮耕方式,他也在这儿发现了上百种花生及甘薯的新用途。在1920年代,学校扩展 其教学任务,开始提供学生人文艺术教育。

Congress has designated only one college campus in the country as a National Historic Site: Tuskegee.

Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute was founded in 1881 by Booker T. Washington, an educator and former slave who became one of the most influential African American leaders in the United States. The institute later became Tuskegee University. In the beginning, the school was chartered by the state of Alabama to train African American men and women in teaching, agriculture, and industrial trades.

At the invitation of Booker T. Washington, famed botanist George Washington Carver came to Tuskegee in 1896 to head the agriculture department. It was there that Carver developed his method of crop rotation to conserve nutrients in the soil. He also discovered hundreds of new uses for the peanut and sweet potato. In the 1920s, the school expanded its mission and offered its students a liberal arts education.

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