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Photo of an Ella Smith Doll
罕见的原版史密斯娃娃
头可以转动而且有耳朵

 


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阿拉巴马州洛亚诺克:史密斯 (Ella Smith) 娃娃的出生地
地方性遗产

当你喜欢的玩具被弄坏的时候,你有什么感受?你想要拿去修理,对不对?1897年, 在佐治亚州洛亚诺克 (Roanoke) ,一个小女孩将坏 掉的娃娃交给住在附近的史密斯太太 (Mrs. Ella Gaunt Smith) ,想要看看她是否可以将它修好。谁能猜得到,这竟开啓了史密斯太太的事业?

在她开始制造娃娃之前,史密斯太太是一个专业女裁缝师和业余 摄影师。当她收到了坏掉的素烧陶磁 (磁器的一种) 娃娃时,她整整实验了两年,才知道如何修复它。她用石膏等混合物倒在娃娃的头上,再以弹力织物 (一种有弹性的织物) 覆盖,然后重新刻画特征。她将头跟身体缝在一起而且更换了假发。完成之后,无法毁坏的史密斯娃娃即告诞生。
1901年,史密斯太太 拿到了娃娃的第一项专利,而且在1904年时,她参加了圣路易斯展览会 (St. Louis Exposition,世界博览会) 并为她的娃娃嬴得一个蓝丝带奬。

1900年代早期,她的工厂每年可生产10,000个娃娃。娃娃广为人知的几个名字包括:阿拉巴马娃娃、阿拉巴马不坏娃娃、 洛亚诺克娃娃或史密斯娃娃。史密斯是南方第一个制造黑人娃娃的制造者 - 她的娃娃有10%是黑 人。时至今日,一个原版的史密斯娃娃价值高达美金20,000


How do you feel when your favorite toy is broken? You want to get it fixed, right? In 1897, a neighborhood girl brought her broken doll to Mrs. Ella Gaunt Smith of Roanoke, Georgia, to see if she could fix it. Who would have guessed that this would help start a business?

Mrs. Smith was a skilled seamstress and amateur photographer before she started making dolls. When she received the broken bisque (a type of porcelain) doll, she experimented for two years before she was able to repair it. She poured the head full of plaster, covered it with a scrap of stockinet (an elastic knitted fabric), and then repainted the features. She sewed the head onto the body and replaced the wig. From this, the Indestructible Ella Smith Doll was born. In 1901, Mrs. Smith received the first patent on her doll, and in 1904 she went to the St. Louis Exposition (World's Fair), where she won a blue ribbon for her dolls.

In the early 1900s, her factory produced 10,000 dolls each year. The dolls are known by several names: Alabama Baby, Alabama Indestructible Doll, Roanoke Doll, or Ella Smith Doll. Smith was the first doll maker in the South to manufacture black dolls -- 10 percent of her dolls were black. Nowadays, an original Ella Smith Doll is worth as much as $20,000.

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