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Meet Amazing Americans 科学家与发明家 玛格利特米德 (Margaret Mead)

Black and white screenshot of bare-chested man

观看艾瓦拉(I Wara)制造皮偶

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峇里岛的皮影戏 (Shadow Puppet)

峇里的皮偶是由皮革、涂料及木头或骨头制成,皮偶的身体或手臂则以枝条支援,而操纵皮偶的人使用枝条移动皮偶。当米德与贝特森身在峇里岛时,他们雇用了一位名为艾瓦拉 (I Wara) 的当地人为他们制造了几个皮偶。艾瓦拉是一位皮偶大师,而他的爸爸也是一位专业的皮偶制造家。米德和贝特森对艾瓦拉制造皮偶的过程、使用的工具及工具的使用方法极感兴趣,他们将艾瓦拉制造皮偶的过程拍摄成影片。一开始,艾瓦拉用墨水勾勒皮偶的轮廓,然后,在薄皮革上雕刻皮偶的外形,最后上色。您能看出短片内的艾瓦拉在做什么吗?您可以试着演出自制的皮偶戏!

Balinese shadow puppets are made out of leather, paint, and wood or bone. Rods are attached to the puppets' body and arms. The puppeteer uses the rods to move the puppet. While they were in Bali, Mead and Bateson hired a local man named I Wara to make several puppets for them. I Wara was an artist and his father had also been a professional puppet maker. Mead and Bateson were interested in how I Wara made the puppets, the tools he used, and how he used those tools. They took some movies of I Wara making the puppets. First he traces the puppet shape with ink, then carves it out of thin leather and finally paints it. Can you tell what I Wara is doing in this short movie? Try putting on your own shadow puppet play!
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VIDEO CREDIT: Bateson, Gregory, filmmaker. "Making of wajangs [Shadow Puppets] in Bali November 4, 1937." Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress.